organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root borer Syrphidae Merodon bombiformis
root borer doubtful Syrphidae Merodon loewi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Smynthurodes betae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Cladosporium iridis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces transversalis
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia gladioli
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis gladiolicola
stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens
root collar gall Actinomycetales Rhodococcus fascians
root borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus destructor
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ascalonicus
root vagrant Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus latysiphon
systemic vagrant Aphididae Aphis newtoni
root vagrant Aphididae Dysaphis tulipae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 21.vi.2019