Incl. Aceras, Dactylorhiza.
Dichotomous table for leafminers
1a larva with chitinised head; mine full depth, transparant, often extending from the leaf base: Orthochaetes insignis
1b larva maggot => 2
1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species
2a mine ends or begins in the stem; larva: rear spiraculum on a common dark spot => 3
2b mine entirely in the leaf; rear spiraculum not on a common dark spot: Americina vittata