Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Carex acuta

slender tufted-sedge

synonym: Carex gracilis, tricostata

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus asper
stemborerChloropidaeEribolus nana
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella cariciphila
stemborerChloropidaeRhopalopterum atricorne
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus goodenowii
leafborerPhytoptidaeNovophytoptus rostratae
root collargallCecidomyiidaePlanetella tarda
fruitgallUstilaginalesAnthracoidea echinospora
fruitgallUstilaginalesAnthracoidea heterospora
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha angulata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha eucaricis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha morosa
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albidella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista alpinella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista obliquella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia circaeae-caricis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia paludosa
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia pringsheimiana
leafpustuleuredinia teliararelyPuccinialesPuccinia ribesii-pendulae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia ruttneri
leafpustuleuredinia teliadoubtfulPuccinialesPuccinia senecionis-acutiformis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia urticae-acutae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia urticata
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis fischeri
leafstripeUstilaginalesOrphanomyces hungaricus
root collargallCecidomyiidaePlanetella arenariae
root collargallCecidomyiidaePlanetella caricis
root collargallCecidomyiidaePlanetella gallarum
root collargallCecidomyiidaePlanetella granifex
root collargallCecidomyiidaePlanetella rosenhaueri
root collargallCecidomyiidaePlanetella tuberifica
unknownunknownAgromyzidaeMetopomyza nigrohumeralis
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantAphididaeCaricosipha paniculatae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
root collarborerAgromyzidaeSelachops flavocinctus
leafvagrantAphididaeSubsaltusaphis picta
leafvagrantAphididaeSubsaltusaphis lambersi
leafvagrantAphididaeSubsaltusaphis pallida
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis pilipes


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 12.iv.2020