Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Carex panicea

carnation sedge

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMythimna turca
leafvagrantNymphalidaeAphantopus hyperantus
leafvagrantNymphalidaeCoenonympha oedippus
leafvagrantNymphalidaeCoenonympha tullia
leafvagrantDelphacidaeKelisia pallidula
leafvagrantCicadellidaeSorhoanus assimilis
leafvagrantDelphacidaeParadelphacodes paludosus
leafvagrantDelphacidaeStenocranus fuscovittatus
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema confusa
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema procerula
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema procerula
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema conducta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus brevicornis
root collarborerTortricidaeBactra lacteana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEriophyes caricis
leafvagrantPhytoptidaePhytoptus liroi
leafborerPhytoptidaeNovophytoptus rostratae
leafvagrantAphididaeSaltusaphis scirpus
leafvagrantAphididaeAllaphis verrucosa
leafvagrantAphididaeSubsaltusaphis picta
fruitgallUstilaginalesAnthracoidea paniceae
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha morosa
leafminerElachistidaeElachista eleochariella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista morandinii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia paludosa
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia silvatica
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia urticae-paniceae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia urticata
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis fischeri
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeSubsaltusaphis paniceae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 27.ix.2021