Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Carex paniculata

greater tussock-sedge

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantLygaeidaeCymus aurescens
leafvagrantLygaeidaeCymus glandicolor
leafleaf spotCapnodialesSeptoria caricis
unknownunknownSphaeroceridaeApteromyia claviventris
unknownunknownSphaeroceridaeElachisoma aterrimum
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnthomyza paraneglecta
stemborerAnthomyzidaeCarexomyza caricis
stemborerPeriscelidaeStenomicra cogani
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnagnota bicolor
leafvagrantCicadellidaeNotus flavipennis
leafvagrantDelphacidaeKelisia guttulifera
leafvagrantDelphacidaeStenocranus longipennis
leafvagrantDelphacidaeMegamelodes lequesnei
leafvagrantDelphacidaeMegamelodes lequesnei
leafvagrantDelphacidaeStenocranus fuscovittatus
unknownunknownCurculionidaeLimnobaris dolorosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEutomostethus punctatus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEutomostethus gagathinus
leafvagrantPhytoptidaePhytoptus liroi
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeThryogenes fiorii
leafvagrantsummer generationdoubtfulAphididaeCavariella aegopodii
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura minungula
fruitgallUstilaginalesFarysia thuemenii
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha angulata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha eucaricis
leafminerElachistidaeElachista alpinella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista carinisella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista gleichenella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista utonella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia opizii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia ribis-nigri-paniculatae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia silvatica
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis fischeri
leafvagrantmainAphididaeCaricosipha paniculatae
leafvagrantAphididaeVesiculaphis theobaldi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 26.iv.2022