Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Carex riparia

greater pond-sedge

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia caricicola
stemborerNoctuidaePhragmatiphila nexa
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnthomyza paraneglecta
stemborerPeriscelidaeStenomicra cogani
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCicadula albingensis
leafvagrantDelphacidaeDelphacodes capnodes
leafvagrantDelphacidaeAnakelisia fasciata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCicadula frontalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMetalimnus formosus
stemborerChloropidaeRhopalopterum atricorne
leafvagrantCrambidaeNascia cilialis
root collarborerTortricidaeBactra lancealana
leafvagrantAphididaeSaltusaphis scirpus
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeWachtliella caricis
fruitgallmainUstilaginalesAnthracoidea subinclusa
fruitgallUstilaginalesFarysia thuemenii
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha angulata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha eucaricis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha morosa
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albidella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista alpinella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista carinisella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista fulgens
leafminerElachistidaeElachista kilmunella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista utonella
leafminerGelechiidaeMonochroa arundinetella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia magnusii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia paludosa
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia urticae-acutiformis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia urticae-ripariae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia urticata
root collargallCecidomyiidaePlanetella tumorifica
leafvagrantAphididaeCaricosipha paniculatae
leafvagrantAphididaeSubsaltusaphis aquatilis
leafvagrantAphididaeSubsaltusaphis ornata
leafvagrantAphididaeSubsaltusaphis picta


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 26.xi.2021