Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Carex rostrata

bottle sedge

synonym: Carex ampullacea, infiata

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
fruitgallUstilaginalesAnthracoidea paniceae
leafvagrantMiridaeTeratocoris paludum
stemborerChloropidaeChlorops planifrons
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnthomyza paraneglecta
stemborerPeriscelidaePodocera delicata
stemborerPeriscelidaeStenomicra cogani
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnagnota bicolor
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnthomyza dissors
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCosmotettix costalis
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeCixius similis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCicadula quadrinotata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCicadula saturata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCicadula rubroflava
leafvagrantCicadellidaeLimotettix ochrifrons
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMetalimnus formosus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeSorhoanus assimilis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeForcipata citrinella
leafvagrantDelphacidaeJavesella simillima
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMegamelus notulus
leafvagrantDelphacidaeStenocranus longipennis
leafvagrantDelphacidaeParadelphacodes paludosus
root collarborerCurculionidaeLimnobaris t-album
unknownunknownCurculionidaeLimnobaris dolorosa
rootscaleChrysomelidaePlateumaris rustica
rootscaleChrysomelidaeDonacia obscura
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus vicinus
leafborerPhytoptidaeNovophytoptus rostratae
fruitgallUstilaginalesAnthracoidea inclusa
fruitgallrarelyUstilaginalesAnthracoidea lasiocarpae
fruitgallUstilaginalesAnthracoidea subinclusa
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria diversicoloris
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha morosa
leafminerGelechiidaeMonochroa arundinetella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia caricina
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia urticae-inflatae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia urticata
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis fischeri
leafstripeUstilaginalesSchizonella melanogramma
root collargallCecidomyiidaePlanetella fischeri
root collargallCecidomyiidaePlanetella gallarum
leafvagrantAphididaeCaricosipha paniculatae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeThripsaphis caricis
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis caricis
leafvagrantAphididaeAllaphis cyperi
leafvagrantAphididaeSubsaltusaphis rossneri


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 3.iv.2022