bottle sedge

synonym: Carex ampullacea, infiata

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus vicinus
leaf borer Phytoptidae Novophytoptus rostratae
fruit gall Ustilaginales Anthracoidea inclusa
fruit gall rarely Ustilaginales Anthracoidea lasiocarpae
fruit gall Ustilaginales Anthracoidea subinclusa
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria diversicoloris
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha morosa
leaf miner Gelechiidae Monochroa arundinetella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia caricina
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia urticae-inflatae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia urticata
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis fischeri
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Schizonella melanogramma
root collar gall Cecidomyiidae Planetella fischeri
root collar gall Cecidomyiidae Planetella gallarum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Caricosipha paniculatae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha glyceriae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Thripsaphis caricis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis caricis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Allaphis cyperi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Subsaltusaphis rossneri


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 25.ix.2019