Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Carex vesicaria

bladder sedge

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotVenturiaceaeFusicladium caricinum
leafvagrantLygaeidaeCymus glandicolor
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnthomyza neglecta
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnthomyza paraneglecta
stemborerAnthomyzidaeStiphrosoma cingulatum
stemborerPeriscelidaePodocera delicata
stemborerPeriscelidaeStenomicra cogani
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnagnota bicolor
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnthomyza collini
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnthomyza gracilis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCosmotettix caudatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacrosteles nubilus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCicadula quadrinotata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeNotus flavipennis
leafvagrantDelphacidaeKelisia guttula
leafvagrantDelphacidaeStenocranus fuscovittatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeStroggylocephalus agrestis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCicadella lasiocarpae
leafvagrantDelphacidaeOncodelphax pullulus
rootscaleChrysomelidaeDonacia brevitarsis
rootscaleChrysomelidaeDonacia thalassina
rootscaleChrysomelidaeDonacia obscura
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya duodecimpunctata
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus vicinus
leafborerPhytoptidaeNovophytoptus rostratae
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeThryogenes festucae
fruitgallmainUstilaginalesAnthracoidea subinclusa
fruitgallUstilaginalesFarysia thuemenii
leafborerCecidomyiidaeSterrhaulus corneolus
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha angulata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha eucaricis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha morosa
leafminerElachistidaeElachista carinisella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista serricornis
leafminerElachistidaeElachista utonella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia microsora
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia urticae-vesicariae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia urticata
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis fischeri
leafstripeUstilaginalesSchizonella melanogramma
root collargallCecidomyiidaePlanetella gallarum
root collargallCecidomyiidaePlanetella tarda
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantAphididaeThripsaphis caricis
leafvagrantAphididaeAllaphis cyperi
leafvagrantAphididaeSubsaltusaphis rossneri
leafvagrantAphididaeSubsaltusaphis picta
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis wahlgreni


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 15.ix.2022