Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Eriophorum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem vagrant Thripidae Limothrips denticornis
flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips ajugae
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Monochroa simpliciella
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Cosmotettix costalis
stem leaf spot Pezizaceae Peziza duriaeana
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Ligyrocoris sylvestris
leaf vagrant Tingidae Agramma confusum
stem borer Noctuidae Celaena haworthii
flower borer Chloropidae Pseudopachychaeta approximatonervis
stem borer Chloropidae Aphanotrigonum trilineatum
stem borer Chloropidae Rhopalopterum atricorne
flower borer Chloropidae Pseudopachychaeta ruficeps
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha oedippus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha tullia
leaf vagrant Tingidae Agramma laetum
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Cicadula quinquenotata
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Cosmotettix evanescens
leaf vagrant doubtful Delphacidae Javesella discolor
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Stroggylocephalus livens
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Macustus grisescens
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Delphacodes venosus
leaf vagrant Cixiidae Pentastiridius leporinus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Paraliburnia clypealis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Sorhoanus xanthoneurus
leaf vagrant Caliscelidae Ommatidiotus dissimilis
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Delphacodes capnodes
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Macrosteles fieberi
leaf vagrant doubtful Delphacidae Nothodelphax albocarinatus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Javesella simillima
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Cosmotettix panzeri
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Kelisia vittipennis
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Nothodelphax distinctus
root scale Chrysomelidae Plateumaris discolor
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema confusa
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema sahlbergii
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus asper
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura vaga
leaf scale Eriococcidae Rhizococcus palustris
root collar borer Tortricidae Bactra lancealana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus roivaineni
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus eriophori
leaf borer Phytoptidae Novophytoptus rostratae
flower borer Glyphipterigidae Glyphipterix haworthana
leaf miner>borer Gelechiidae Monochroa suffusella
leaf leaf spot Kriegeriales Kriegeria eriophori
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha eriophori
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha geniculata
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albidella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista eleochariella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista kilmunella
leaf miner doubtful Elachistidae Elachista leifi
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista serricornis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia eriophori
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Ceruraphis eriophori
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Ceruraphis eriophori
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Colopha compressa
root vagrant Aphididae Anoecia pskovica
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis scirpi eriophori
leaf vagrant rarely Aphididae Vesiculaphis theobaldi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 6.xi.2023