Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Bolboschoenus maritimus

sea club-rush

synonym: Bolboschoenus compactus; Scirpus maritimus, tuberosus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantPentatomidaeAntheminia varicornis
leafvagrantMiridaeTeratocoris antennatus
predatorMiridaeCyrtorhinus caricis
leafvagrantTingidaeAgramma atricapillum
stemborerChloropidaeEribolus slesvicensis
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnagnota coccinea
rootborerBuprestidaeCyphosoma lausoniae
leafvagrantCicadellidaeStroggylocephalus agrestis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeCorycephalus gyllenhalii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeNotus flavipennis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeParamesus obtusifrons
leafvagrantCicadellidaeParamesus major
leafvagrantDelphacidaeKelisia brucki
unknownunknownErirhinidaeIcaris sparganii
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips hukkineni
rootscaleChrysomelidaePlateumaris sericea
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema obesa
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema conducta
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema coyei
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema major
root collarborerTortricidaeBactra robustana
leafvagrantPhytoptidaePhytoptus maritimus
leafborerPhytoptidaeNovophytoptus rostratae
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeThryogenes festucae
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha scirpi
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha suturalis
leafminerElachistidaeElachista scirpi
leafminerGelechiidaeMonochroa moyses
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces lineolatus
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia scirpi
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis bolboschoeni
stemgallBlastocladialesPhysoderma eleocharidis
stemgallChloropidaeEurina lurida
stemstripeBlastocladialesPhysoderma schroeteri
unknowngallChloropidaeEurina ducalis
leafvagrantAphididaeCaricosipha paniculatae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeSubsaltusaphis picta
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeVesiculaphis theobaldi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 25.iv.2022