Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Luzula

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Thripidae Aptinothrips stylifer
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips vuilleti
leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips albicinctus
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips aculeatus
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara quenseli
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia ligea
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia oeme
root borer doubtful Hepialidae Pharmacis fusconebulosa
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis rogana
leaf leaf spot Phaeosphaeriaceae Phaeosphaeria epicalamia
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria chanousiana
leaf leaf spot Phaeosphaeriaceae Phaeosphaeria juncicola
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Mycosphaerella hypostomatica
stem leaf spot Sclerotiniaceae Myriosclerotinia luzulae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria luzulae
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes incertae sedis Asteromella luzulina
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta teretiuscula
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Cymus aurescens
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema holsata
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Cymus glandicolor
leaf vagrant Miridae Horwathia lineolata
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Pararge xiphioides
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Cerastis rubricosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Diarsia brunnea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna turca
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Apamea scolopacina
stem borer Noctuidae Oligia versicolor
stem borer Noctuidae Mesoligia furuncula
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Stilbia anomala
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Macrothylacia rubi
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia aethiops
leaf vagrant Tingidae Agramma laetum
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Macrosteles sexnotatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Macustus grisescens
leaf vagrant doubtful Delphacidae Javesella discolor
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia cygnicollina
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Forcipata forcipata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Anoscopus albifrons
stem borer Psilidae Loxocera sylvatica
stem borer Heleomyzidae Suillia laevifrons
leaf scale Eriococcidae Rhizococcus palustris
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus pseudinsignis
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus insignis
leaf scale Coccidae Luzulaspis nemorosa
leaf scale Coccidae Luzulaspis frontalis
unknown scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus herbaceus
leaf scale Coccidae Luzulaspis luzulae
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis steineriana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Aphelia paleana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Lozotaenia forsterana
leaf borer Phytoptidae Novophytoptus rostratae
leaf leaf spot Phytoptidae Novophytoptus luzulis
stem borer Glyphipterigidae Glyphipterix bergstraesserella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Metopolophium dirhodum
leaf scale rarely Coccidae Eriopeltis lichtensteini
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora antennariella
fruit vagrant rarely Coleophoridae Coleophora glaucicolella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora otidipennella
fruit vagrant rarely Coleophoridae Coleophora alticolella
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora sylvaticella
fruit gall Microbotryales Bauerago vuyckii
fruit gall Ustilaginales Stegocintractia hyperborea
fruit gall Ustilaginales Stegocintractia luzulae
flower gall Ustilaginales Stegocintractia spadicea
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha bimaculata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha carpatica
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha handlirschi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha luzulae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha silvatica
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia beigerae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia luzulae
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella
leaf miner rarely Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista geminatella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gleichenella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nobilella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista quadripunctella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista regificella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista tengstromi
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista trapeziella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia luzulae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia obscura
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis luzulae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Ceruraphis eriophori
stem borer Glyphipterigidae Glyphipterix fuscoviridella
stem miner Buprestidae Aphanisticus pusillus
leaf vagrant doubtful Aphididae Atheroides brevicornis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Melanaphis luzulella
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 12.xi.2023