Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Arundo

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemvagrantLygaeidaeDimorphopterus blissoides
leafvagrantPentatomidaePeribalus strictus
stemscaleCoccidaeSaissetia oleae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLeucania palaestinae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLeucania zeae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMythimna unipuncta
rootscaleDiaspididaeRhizaspidiotus donacis
rootborerNoctuidaeRhizedra lutosa
stemborerNoctuidaeSesamia cretica
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLeucania loreyi
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAmygdalops thomasseti
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnagnota coccinea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZyginidia servadeii
leafvagrantDelphacidaeDelphax ribautianus
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeSphenophorus piceus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria arundinis
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
stemvagrantAclerdidaeAclerda berlesii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantAphididaeRhopalosiphum maidis
leafvagrantAphididaeMelanaphis donacis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantAphididaeTakecallis arundicolens
leafvagrantAphididaeTakecallis arundinariae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera donacis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha denticornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha phragmitophila
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza graminicola
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia magnusiana
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia phragmitis
leafvagrantsummer generationmainAphididaeHyalopterus pruni
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa romana
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 24.iv.2022