Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cynodon dactylon


synonym: Cynodon glabratus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotPhyllachoralesPhyllachora graminis
rootscaleRhizoecidaeRhizoecus albidus
scalePelionella cycliger
scalePseudococcidaeChorizococcus rostellum
scalePseudococcidaeChorizococcus senarius
stemscalePseudococcidaeHeterobrevennia kozari
stemscalePseudococcidaePlanococcus citri
stemborerNoctuidaeOria musculosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeSpodoptera cilium
leafvagrantNymphalidaePararge aegeria
stemminerBuprestidaeAphanisticus pygmaeus
leafvagrantDelphacidaeFalcotoya minuscula
leafvagrantDelphacidaeLaodelphax striatellus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeExitianus taeniaticeps
leafvagrantDelphacidaeMaiestas schmidtgeni
leafvagrantCicadellidaeChiasmus conspurcatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZyginidia adamczewskii
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAconurella prolixa
leafvagrantDelphacidaeToya obtusangula
leafvagrantDelphacidaeToya propinqua
unknownunknownCurculionidaeSphenophorus abbreviatus
rootvagrantCurculionidaePhilopedon plagiatum
leafvagrantThripidaeBregmatothrips bournieri
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips aculeatus
unknownunknownPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips flavicinctus
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips molestus
leafvagrantThripidaeBregmatothrips dimorphus
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips kurdistanus
systemicgallEriophyidaeEriophyes cynodoniensis
unknownscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus variabilis
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus evelinae
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus formicicola
unknownscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus herbaceus
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
unknownunknownEriococcidaeAnophococcus kotejai
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus pseudinsignis
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus socialis
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus bicerarius
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus agropyri
rootborerGelechiidaeMegacraspedus dolosellus
unknownunknownCrambidaeHerpetogramma licarsialis
leafhiddenPyralidaeFaveria dionysia
stemborerPyralidaeEmatheudes punctella
unknownunknownCrambidaeAncylolomia inornata
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAcaralox farsi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia vagans
rootvagrantAphididaeTetraneura africana
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis graminum
flowergallUstilaginalesUstilago cynodontis
leaf budgallLonchaeidaeDasiops latifrons
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafgallPeronosporalesSclerophthora macrospora
leafminerElachistidaeElachista consortella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia cynodontis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia desmazieri
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola destructor
stemgallCecidomyiidaeOrseolia cynodontis
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeIziphya bufo


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 30.xi.2021