Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Hyparrhenia

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafscaleCoccidaeScythia festuceti
leafvagrantLygaeidaeStenophthalmicus fajoumensis
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeLygaeosoma sardeum
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeMegalonotus puncticollis
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeLamprodema maura
leafvagrantMiridaeDolichomiris linearis
leafvagrantBerytidaeNeides aduncus
leafpredatorMiridaePhytocoris vittiger
leafvagrantCoreidaeCoriomeris hirticornis
predatorAnthocoridaeCardiastethus nazarenus
leafvagrantReduviidaeVibertiola cinerea
flowervagrantPentatomidaeAelia acuminata
leafvagrantPentatomidaeMecidea lindbergi
leafvagrantLygaeidaeParomius gracilis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia cesatii
leafpustulePuccinialesPuccinia hyparrheniicola
rootvagrantCerambycidaeIberodorcadion suturale
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMythimna languida
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelanargia ines
leafhiddenHesperiidaeGegenes pumilio
leafvagrantDelphacidaeIubsoda stigmatica
leafvagrantDelphacidaePseudaraeopus lethierryi
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeApterygothrips canarius
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeApterygothrips neolongiceps
unknownunknownThripidaeAnaphothrips graminum
unknownunknownThripidaeAgrostothrips meridionalis
unknownunknownThripidaeEuphysothrips minozzii
unknownunknownPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips cenchricola
flowerhiddenThripidaeCaprithrips melanophthalmus
flowergallunknown on Hyparrhenia cf hirta
unknownunknownChrysomelidaePolyconia caroli
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus formicicola
leafscaleDiaspididaeDuplachionaspis natalensis
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha flava
flowergallUstilaginalesSporisorium barcinonense
flowergallUstilaginalesSporisorium transfissum
flowergallUstilaginalesSporisorium vanderystii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia andropogonis-hirti


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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