Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Brachypodium pinnatum


organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella frontella
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella obscuripila
unknownscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus echinatus
root collarscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus munroi
leafscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca gouxi
leafscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca placida
leafscaleEriococcidaeGregoporia rosaceus
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus acutus
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus pseudinsignis
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus bicerarius
unknownscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus herbaceus
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis varleyi
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus agropyri
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis festucae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMelanaphis pyraria
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
leaf budgallEurytomidaeTetramesa brachypodii
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerElachistidaeElachista anserinella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista argentella
leafminermainElachistidaeElachista chrysodesmella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista gangabella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista obliquella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista stabilella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista subalbidella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista subocellea
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia brachypodii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
leafstripeTilletialesTilletia olida
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago striiformis
stemdowndoubtfulHypocrealesEpichloe typhina
stemgallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola hellwigi
stemgallChloropidaeChlorops strigulus
leafvagrantEriococcidaeGreenisca brachypodii
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia major


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 5.iv.2020