Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Brachypodium

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeGraminopassalora graminis
leafleaf spotPlectosphaerellaceaeSpermosporina graminella
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta brachypodii
MycosphaerellaceaeRamularia brunneopunctata
unknownunknownPseudococcidaeAntonina purpurea
leafvagrantMiridaeMiridius quadrivirgatus
leafvagrantBerytidaeBerytinus geniculatus
flowervagrantMiridaeMegaloceroea recticornis
leafvagrantMiridaeNotostira elongata
leafvagrantMiridaeStenodema calcarata
leafvagrantBerytidaeBerytinus clavipes
leafvagrantNymphalidaePararge xiphioides
leafvagrantHesperiidaeThymelicus christi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeEpipsilia latens
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia xanthographa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMythimna ferrago
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMythimna albipuncta
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMythimna l-album
root collarvagrantNoctuidaeTholera cespitis
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMythimna turca
leafvagrantNoctuidaePachetra sagittigera
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiarsia brunnea
stemvagrantNoctuidaeCalamia tridens
stemborerNoctuidaeOria musculosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeApamea sordens
leafvagrantNoctuidaeApamea scolopacina
stemborerNoctuidaeOligia versicolor
flowervagrantNoctuidaeApamea anceps
rootvagrantNoctuidaeApamea monoglypha
rootvagrantNoctuidaeApamea epomidion
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDeltote pygarga
leafvagrantErebidaeCoscinia striata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeRivula sericealis
leafvagrantNymphalidaeLopinga achine
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMinois dryas
leafvagrantNymphalidaeHipparchia aristaeus
leafvagrantNymphalidaeLasiommata megera
leafvagrantNymphalidaeManiola jurtina
leafvagrantNymphalidaePyronia tithonus
leafvagrantNymphalidaePyronia bathseba
leafvagrantNymphalidaePyronia cecilia
leafvagrantNymphalidaeCoenonympha arcania
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelanargia occitanica
leafvagrantNymphalidaeCoenonympha pamphilus
leafhiddenHesperiidaeOchlodes sylvanus
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelanargia galathea
leafvagrantNymphalidaeErebia aethiops
leafvagrantNymphalidaeAphantopus hyperantus
leafvagrantNymphalidaeCoenonympha dorus
leafvagrantNymphalidaeCoenonympha glycerion
leafvagrantNymphalidaePararge aegeria
leafvagrantNymphalidaePararge xiphia
leafhiddenHesperiidaeHeteropterus morpheus
leafhiddenHesperiidaeThymelicus sylvestris
leafhiddenHesperiidaeCarterocephalus palaemon
leafhiddenHesperiidaeThymelicus lineola
unknownunknownSphaeroceridaeApteromyia claviventris
unknownunknownSphaeroceridaeMinilimosina fungicola
unknownunknownSphaeroceridaeMinilimosina parvula
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnthomyza pallida
stemborerOpmyzidaeGeomyza hackmani
leafvagrantTingidaeAgramma minutum
leafvagrantDelphacidaeRibautodelphax imitantoides
leafvagrantCicadellidaeJassargus obtusivalvis
leafvagrantCicadellidaePlanaphrodes bifasciatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeTurrutus socialis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAdarrus bellevoyei
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAdarrus exornatus
leafvagrantDelphacidaeHyledelphax elegantulus
leafvagrantDelphacidaeStiroma affinis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAdarrus multinotatus
leafvagrantdoubtfulDelphacidaeEurysanoides douglasi
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeAllygidius abbreviatus
leafvagrantUnknown code!CicadellidaeAllygidius commutatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAnoscopus albifrons
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArocephalus languidus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeElymana sulphurella
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus cuspidatus
leafvagrantadultCercopidaeCercopis sanguinolenta
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArthaldeus pascuellus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEuscelidius variegatus
leafvagrantDelphacidaeEurysa brunnea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZyginidia scutellaris
leafvagrantDelphacidaeEurysella brunnea
rootvagrantlarvaCercopidaeHaematoloma dorsata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeGoldeus harpago
leafvagrantAphrophoridaeNeophilaenus albipennis
leafvagrantDelphacidaeRibautodelphax pungens
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis stammeri
fruitborerCurculionidaePachytychius hordei
rootvagrantCurculionidaeChionostagon albosquamulata
unknownunknownThripidaePhibalothrips dispar
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis tischbeinii
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis tarsata
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella frontella
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella obscuripila
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis ornata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo maculata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis nassata
unknownscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus echinatus
root collarscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus munroi
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus cantium
leafscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca erwini
leafscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca oreophila
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
leafscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca gouxi
leafscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca placida
leafscaleEriococcidaeGregoporia rosaceus
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus acutus
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus pseudinsignis
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus bicerarius
unknownscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus herbaceus
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis varleyi
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus agropyri
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis festucae
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus greeni
leafhiddenGelechiidaeHelcystogramma rufescens
leafhiddenGelechiidaeHelcystogramma lutatella
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes sylvatici
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis graminum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
leaf budgallEurytomidaeTetramesa brachypodii
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafleaf spotPhyllachoralesPhyllachora graminis
leaffilmUstilaginalesTranzscheliella hypodytes
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia milii
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia norwegica
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza albipennis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza mobilis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigripes
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza rondensis
leafminerElachistidaeElachista adscitella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albifrontella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista anserinella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista apicipunctella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista argentella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bifasciella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bisulcella
leafminermainElachistidaeElachista chrysodesmella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista cingillella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista fasciola
leafminerElachistidaeElachista gangabella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista maculicerusella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista obliquella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pollinariella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista stabilella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista subalbidella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista subocellea
leafminerElachistidaeElachista unifasciella
leafminerEphydridaeHydrellia griseola
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia brachypodii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
leafstripeTilletialesTilletia brachypodii-ramosi
leafstripeTilletialesTilletia olida
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago serpens
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago striiformis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMelanaphis pyraria
stemborerEurytomidaeTetramesa fulvicollis
stemdownHypocrealesEpichloe sylvatica
stemdowndoubtfulHypocrealesEpichloe typhina
stemgallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola hellwigi
stemgallChloropidaeChlorops strigulus
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia corni
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
rootvagrantAphididaeAnoecia zirnitsi
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia major
leafvagrantEriococcidaeGreenisca brachypodii
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
rootvagrantsummer generationdoubtfulAphididaeTetraneura ulmi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 12.ix.2022