Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Bromopsis erecta

upright brome

synonym: Bromus erectus, longiflorus, pratensis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root scale Ortheziidae Ortheziola vejdovskyi
stem vagrant Ortheziidae Orthezia urticae
root scale Coccidae Lecanopsis taurica
leaf vagrant Thripidae Aptinothrips stylifer
leaf vagrant Thripidae Aptinothrips rufus
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
flower hidden Thripidae Limothrips cerealium
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips tritici
unknown unknown Thripidae Limothrips consimilis
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia medusa
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Lasiommata maera
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Lasiommata petropolitana
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia ligea
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Arethusana arethusa
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Epipsilia latens
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia xanthographa
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion uhagonii
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna conigera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna ferrago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna impura
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna l-album
root collar vagrant Noctuidae Tholera cespitis
root vagrant Noctuidae Luperina dumerilii
stem vagrant Noctuidae Calamia tridens
leaf vagrant Erebidae Coscinia striata
flower borer Chloropidae Dicraeus ingratus
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Macrothylacia rubi
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia statilinus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia fagi
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Brintesia circe
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Minois dryas
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia aethiops
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Aphantopus hyperantus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha glycerion
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Carterocephalus palaemon
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus lineola
leaf hidden Crambidae Agriphila latistria
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Chazara briseis
leaf vagrant Tingidae Agramma minutum
fruit borer Chloropidae Dicraeus tibialis
stem borer Buprestidae Cylindromorphus gallicus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Euscelis incisus
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Handianus flavovarius
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Jassargus obtusivalvis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Planaphrodes bifasciatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Turrutus socialis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginidia scutellaris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hardya helgae
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Allygidius abbreviatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arocephalus languidus
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Reptalus cuspidatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arocephalus longiceps
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Mocydia crocea
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Diplocolenus frauenfeldi
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Diplocolenus bohemani
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Ditropsis flavipes
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema aridula
leaf scale Eriococcidae Greenisca gouxi
leaf scale Eriococcidae Gregoporia rosaceus
stem scale Pseudococcidae Trionymus placatus
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus agropyri
leaf scale Coccidae Eriopeltis festucae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes mckenziei
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria erecti
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus longilobus
leaf vagrant Eriococcidae Greenisca brachypodii
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria tosichella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae
fruit gall Tilletiales Tilletia controversa
flower gall Tilletiales Tilletia bromi
flower gall Ustilaginales Ustilago bullata
leaf miner>borer Ochsenheimeriidae Ochsenheimeria vacculella
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis
leaf film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella hypodytes
leaf gall Eriophyidae Abacarus hystrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria tenuis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia fuscula
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista lastrella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista sicula
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella
leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia bromina
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia symphyti-bromorum
leaf stripe uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia striiformis
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis bromi
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago bromina
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago serpens
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis
stem down Hypocreales Epichloe bromicola
root gall Anguinidae Subanguina radicicola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha elegans
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anoecia furcata


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 3.ii.2024