Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Bromopsis erecta

upright brome

synonym: Bromus erectus, longiflorus, pratensis

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantTingidaeAgramma minutum
fruitborerChloropidaeDicraeus tibialis
stemborerBuprestidaeCylindromorphus gallicus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEuscelis incisus
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeHandianus flavovarius
leafvagrantCicadellidaeJassargus obtusivalvis
leafvagrantCicadellidaePlanaphrodes bifasciatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeTurrutus socialis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZyginidia scutellaris
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHardya helgae
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeAllygidius abbreviatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArocephalus languidus
leafvagrantadultCixiidaeReptalus cuspidatus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArocephalus longiceps
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMocydia crocea
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeDiplocolenus frauenfeldi
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeDiplocolenus bohemani
leafvagrantDelphacidaeDitropsis flavipes
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema aridula
leafscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca gouxi
leafscaleEriococcidaeGregoporia rosaceus
stemscalePseudococcidaeTrionymus placatus
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus agropyri
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis festucae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria erecti
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus longilobus
leafvagrantEriococcidaeGreenisca brachypodii
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia controversa
flowergallTilletialesTilletia bromi
flowergallUstilaginalesUstilago bullata
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria vacculella
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leaffilmUstilaginalesTranzscheliella hypodytes
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia fuscula
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza flaveola
leafminerElachistidaeElachista argentella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista cingillella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista lastrella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista metella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista obliquella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista sicula
leafminerElachistidaeElachista subnigrella
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia bromina
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia symphyti-bromorum
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis bromi
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago bromina
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago serpens
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago striiformis
stemdownHypocrealesEpichloe bromicola
rootgallAnguinidaeSubanguina radicicola
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia furcata


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 17.iii.2021