Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Bromus

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf scale Eriococcidae Anophococcus insignis
unknown scale Margarodidae Neomargarodes aristidae
stem scale Pseudococcidae Heterococcus tritici
stem vagrant Ortheziidae Orthezia urticae
stem vagrant Flatidae Metcalfa pruinosa
root collar scale Coccidae Lecanopsis formicarum
root collar scale Coccidae Lecanopsis turcica
root scale Coccidae Lecanopsis clodiensis
root scale Ortheziidae Ortheziola vejdovskyi
root scale Coccidae Lecanopsis taurica
root scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus avenae
leaf vagrant Alydidae Micrelytra fossularum
unknown scale Coccidae Exaeretopus tritici
leaf scale Eriococcidae Anophococcus pseudinsignis
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Psylliodes cerenae
leaf vagrant Coreidae Coriomeris affinis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Sericothrips staphylinus
unknown unknown Aeolothripidae Melanthrips libycus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
flower hidden Thripidae Anaphothrips atroapterus
flower hidden Thripidae Neohydatothrips gracilicornis
flower hidden Thripidae Oxythrips euxinus
leaf hidden Thripidae Anaphothrips obscurus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella tenuicornis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Aptinothrips stylifer
flower hidden Thripidae Rhaphidothrips longistylosus
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips hamatus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips angusticeps
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips tritici
unknown unknown Thripidae Limothrips consimilis
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Limothrips angulicornis
root gall Plasmodiophoraceae Ligniera verrucosa
root vagrant Cerambycidae Carinatodorcadion aethiops
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia medusa
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Lasiommata maera
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Lasiommata petropolitana
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia ligea
leaf vagrant Coccinellidae Cynegetis impunctata
stem borer Opomyzidae Opomyza thalhammeri
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Pyrenophora dictyoides
leaf vagrant Eriococcidae Anophococcus evelinae
leaf leaf spot Ascomycota incertae sedis Ramulaspera holci-lanati
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Arethusana arethusa
stem scale Pseudococcidae Trionymus aberrans
leaf leaf spot Microdochiacee Microdochium nivale
flower film Helotiaceae Gloeotinia granigena
root collar film Magnaporthaceae Gaeumannomyces tritici
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Zygoseptoria tritici
flower leaf spot Phaeosphaeriaceae Parastagonospora nodorum
root collar film Magnaporthaceae Gaeumannomyces avenae
leaf leaf spot Ascomycota incertae sedis Pseudoseptoria donacis
fruit gall Nectriaceae Fusarium graminearum
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista canariella
leaf leaf spot Phaeosphaeriaceae Phaeosphaeria eustoma
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Sphaerella longissima
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Drechslera bromi
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum graminicola
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta bromi
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria affinis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria bromi
leaf leaf spot Ascomycota incertae sedis Pseudoseptoria bromigena
leaf leaf spot Massarinaceae Stagonospora bromi
leaf pustule Phyllachoraceae Phyllachora dactylidis
stem film Ceratobasidiaceae Ceratorhiza cerealis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniaceae Puccinia bromi-maximi
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Graminopassalora graminis
leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Oculimacula yallundae
leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia pusilla
leaf vagrant Coreidae Arenocoris waltlii
fruit vagrant Coreidae Bothrostethus annulipes
leaf vagrant Coreidae Centrocoris spiniger
flower vagrant Miridae Megaloceroea recticornis
leaf vagrant Miridae Dimorphocoris servadei
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris varipes
flower vagrant rarely Miridae Closterotomus trivialis
fruit vagrant doubtful Scutelleridae Psacasta tuberculata
leaf vagrant Miridae Amblytylus nasutus
leaf vagrant Miridae Acetropis gimmerthali
leaf vagrant Miridae Acetropis carinata
root vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris homalonotus
leaf vagrant Miridae Horistus orientalis
root collar vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris cursitans
root vagrant Cydnidae Crocistethus waltlianus
leaf vagrant Miridae Megalocoleus tarsalis
root collar vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris maculatus
root collar vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris sulcatus
leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Eurygaster integriceps
leaf vagrant Miridae Amblytylus concolor
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Aelia acuminata
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Aelia rostrata
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Aelia albovittata
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Aelia alticola
leaf vagrant Miridae Dimorphocoris saulii
scale Pseudococcidae Peliococcus phyllobius
scale Pseudococcidae Bromusicoccus gulsunae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Epipsilia latens
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia xanthographa
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion uhagonii
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion fuliginator
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna l-album
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Stenodiplosis tectori
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna conigera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna ferrago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna impura
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna l-album
root collar vagrant Noctuidae Tholera cespitis
root collar gall Cecidomyiidae Mayetiola bromi
root vagrant Noctuidae Luperina dumerilii
stem vagrant Noctuidae Calamia tridens
stem borer doubtful Noctuidae Oligia versicolor
stem borer Noctuidae Oria musculosa
root vagrant Noctuidae Apamea monoglypha
leaf vagrant Erebidae Coscinia striata
flower borer Chloropidae Dicraeus ingratus
stem borer Chloropidae Incertella albipalpis
stem borer doubtful Chloropidae Oscinella maura
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Macrothylacia rubi
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus acteon
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha arcania
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Lasiommata megera
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Maniola jurtina
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Pyronia bathseba
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia statilinus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia fagi
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Brintesia circe
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Minois dryas
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia aethiops
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Aphantopus hyperantus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha glycerion
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Carterocephalus palaemon
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus lineola
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus sylvestris
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus lineola
leaf hidden Crambidae Agriphila latistria
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Chazara briseis
root scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus hordei
leaf vagrant Tingidae Agramma minutum
fruit borer Chloropidae Dicraeus raptus
stem borer Chloropidae Conioscinella mimula
stem borer Chloropidae Lasiosina herpini
stem borer Opmyzidae Geomyza venusta
fruit borer Chloropidae Dicraeus tibialis
stem borer Buprestidae Cylindromorphus gallicus
leaf vagrant Ricaniidae Ricania hedenborgi
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Handianus flavovarius
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Jassargus obtusivalvis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Planaphrodes bifasciatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Turrutus socialis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginidia scutellaris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hardya helgae
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Allygidius abbreviatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arocephalus languidus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Emeljanovianus medius
leaf vagrant adult Cixiidae Reptalus cuspidatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arocephalus longiceps
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginidia pullula
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Diplocolenus frauenfeldi
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Diplocolenus bohemani
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Ditropsis flavipes
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Petrobia tunisiae
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips tritici
leaf vagrant Thripidae Limothrips angulicornis
leaf vagrant Penthaleidae Penthaleus major
flower hidden Thripidae Limothrips schmutzi
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips aculeatus
unknown unknown Thripidae Sitothrips arabicus
leaf vagrant Aeolothripidae Rhipidothrips brunneus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Aptinothrips rufus
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
flower hidden Thripidae Limothrips cerealium
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema hortensis
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema arenacea
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Oulema melanopus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Oulema gallaeciana
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus gonager
stem vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura clitellata
leaf scale Eriococcidae Rhizococcus zernae
stem borer Cephidae Cephus pygmeus
leaf scale Eriococcidae Greenisca gouxi
leaf scale Eriococcidae Gregoporia rosaceus
unknown unknown Eriococcidae Anophococcus pannonicus
stem scale Pseudococcidae Trionymus placatus
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus agropyri
leaf scale Coccidae Eriopeltis festucae
unknown unknown Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus interruptus
stem scale Pseudococcidae Heterococcus nudus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus compactus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes mckenziei
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria erecti
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus longilobus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus plumiger
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes janboczeki
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus acutatus
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago kummeri
stem borer larva Curculionidae Tournotaris bimaculata
stem vagrant Aphididae Laingia psammae
stem borer Anthomyiidae Phorbia fumigata
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria tosichella
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis graminum
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Forda riccobonii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Israelaphis carmini
leaf vagrant Aphididae israelaphis lambersi
leaf vagrant Aphididae israelaphis ilharcoi
fruit gall Hypocreales Claviceps purpurea
fruit gall Tilletiales Tilletia controversa
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Stenodiplosis bromicola
flower borer Chloropidae Oscinella trochanterata
flower gall Tilletiales Tilletia bromi
flower gall Ustilaginales Ustilago bullata
leaf miner>borer Ochsenheimeriidae Ochsenheimeria taurella
leaf miner>borer Ochsenheimeriidae Ochsenheimeria urella
leaf miner>borer Ochsenheimeriidae Ochsenheimeria vacculella
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis
leaf leaf spot Phyllachorales Phyllachora graminis
leaf film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella hypodytes
leaf gall Anguinidae Subanguina graminophila
leaf gall Eriophyidae Abacarus hystrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria tenuis
leaf gall Peronosporales Sclerophthora macrospora
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha flavocingulata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha muscina
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia fuscula
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola
leaf miner doubtful Agromyzidae Agromyza albipennis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza intermittens
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza mobilis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrella
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza rondensis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora onopordiella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora perplexella
leaf miner older larva Coleophoridae Coleophora ornatipennella
leaf miner older larva Coleophoridae Coleophora lixella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista cingillella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista lastrella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista metella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nobilella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista sicula
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella
leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola
leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia bromina
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia madritensis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia symphyti-bromorum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia agropyrina
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia alternans
leaf pustule Ustilaginales Ustilago trebouxii
leaf stripe uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia striiformis
leaf stripe Tilletiales Tilletia bolayi
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis bromi
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago bromina
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago serpens
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis
stem borer Chloropidae Oscinella vastator
stem borer Eurytomidae Tetramesa maculata
stem down Hypocreales Epichloe bromicola
stem gall Aphididae Diuraphis bromicola
stem gall Chloropidae Oscinella frit
root collar gall Cecidomyiidae Mayetiola bromicola
root gall Anguinidae Subanguina radicicola
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera avenae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Tetraneura ulmi
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Forda formicaria
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Forda marginata
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Geoica utricularia
unknown unknown Agromyzidae Agromyza bromi
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculodes dubius
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides serrulatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella tshernavini
root vagrant Aphididae Forda pawlowae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha elegans
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis
leaf vagrant Eriococcidae Greenisca brachypodii
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aploneura lentisci
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anoecia furcata
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum padi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis longicaudata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis rufula
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis dubia
leaf stripe Aphididae Diuraphis noxia
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Metopolophium dirhodum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Melanaphis pyraria
leaf vagrant Aphididae Metopolophium festucae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anoecia haupti
root vagrant Aphididae Rhopalosiphoninus latysiphon

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

FILTER AND SORT TABLE

To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 4.iv.2024