Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Ammophila arenaria


synonym: Psamma arenaria

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeGraminopassalora graminis
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeScolopostethus puberulus
predatorNabidaeNabis ericetorum
leafvagrantRhopalidaeChorosoma schillingii
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeNysius ericae
flowervagrantPentatomidaeAelia acuminata
leafvagrantLygaeidaeMacropternella marginalis
predatorMiridaePithanus maerkelii
predatorMiridaeTytthus pygmaeus
leafvagrantMiridaeTrigonotylus psammaecolor
flowervagrantScutelleridaeIrochrotus maculiventris
root collarvagrantLygaeidaeDimorphopterus spinolae
leafvagrantLygaeidaeIschnodemus sabuleti
leafvagrantPentatomidaeMecidea lindbergi
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaePhilopedon plagiatum
rootvagrantCydnidaeByrsinus albipennis
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus atroapterus
leafvagrantNoctuidaeActebia praecox
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMythimna litoralis
flowervagrantNoctuidaeApamea anceps
unknownunknowndoubtfulChloropidaeEutropha fulvifrons
stemborerChloropidaeMeromyza pratorum
rootvagrantMicrococcidaeMicrococcus sardous
leafvagrantCicadellidaePsammotettix sabulicola
leafvagrantCicadellidaeDoratura littoralis
leafvagrantCicadellidaePsammotettix maritimus
leafvagrantAphrophoridaeNeophilaenus lineatus
leafvagrantDelphacidaeGravesteiniella boldi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis coquebertii
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus greeni
stemscalePseudococcidaeTrionymus aberrans
leafborerPhytoptidaeNovophytoptus ammophilae
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis lichtensteini
leafvagrantAphididaeChaetosiphella stipae
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
leaffilmUstilaginalesTranzscheliella hypodytes
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha superciliosa
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerGelechiidaeApatetris kinkerella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia ammophilina
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia ammophilae
leafstripeuredinia teliadoubtfulPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
stemgallEurytomidaeEurytoma longipennis
stemgalldoubtfulEurytomidaeTetramesa eximia
stemvagrantAphididaeLaingia psammae
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantAphididaeChaetosiphella longirostris
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides hirtellus
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeMetopolophium sabihae
stemvagrantAphididaeSipha littoralis
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis rufula


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 10.ix.2022