Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Calamagrostis arundinacea

synonym: Calamagrostis brachytricha

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf scale Eriococcidae Anophococcus insignis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Hemianaphothrips articulosus
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Cephalothrips monilicornis
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Stenodiplosis calamagrostidis
stem down Clavicipitaceae Epichloe ftanensis
leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Rhynchobrunnera orthospora
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema calcarata
root collar vagrant Noctuidae Apamea rubrirena
flower vagrant Noctuidae Apamea remissa
stem borer Chloropidae Meromyza pratorum
stem borer Chloropidae Lasiosina herpini
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Minois dryas
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus sylvestris
unknown unknown Sphaeroceridae Apteromyia claviventris
unknown unknown Sphaeroceridae Pullimosina pullula
stem borer Anthomyzidae Anthomyza pallida
stem borer Anthomyzidae Anthomyza gracilis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Elymana kozhevnikovi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Balclutha punctata
leaf vagrant larva Cicadellidae Allygus mixtus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Doliotettix lunulatus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Criomorphus albomarginatus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Hyledelphax elegantulus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Stiroma affinis
leaf vagrant Unknown code! Cicadellidae Allygidius commutatus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Criomorphus borealis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Errhomenus brachypterus
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema chlorophana
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredopsis friesei
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus greeni
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Helcystogramma rufescens
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria calamagrostis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus acutatus
leaf leaf spot incertae sedis Mastigosporium rubricosum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia norwegica
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria tosichella
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis
leaf gall Anguinidae Subanguina graminophila
leaf gall Eriophyidae Abacarus hystrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria tenuis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza albipennis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha beigerae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha calamagrostidis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha denticornis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha melicae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmella
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha zoerneri
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista adscitella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albidella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista deriventa
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista fasciola
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subalbidella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poae-nemoralis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia pygmaea
leaf pustule Ustilaginales Ustilago scrobiculata
leaf stripe Microbotryales Ustilentyloma brefeldii
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis calamagrostidis
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa calamagrostidis
stem vagrant Aphididae Laingia psammae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella stipae setosa
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides serrulatus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 3.ii.2024