Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Calamagrostis epigeios

wood small-reed

synonym: Calamagrostis epigejos

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia holci-lanati
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia pusilla
flower vagrant Miridae Megaloceroea recticornis
leaf vagrant Miridae Acetropis gimmerthali
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Dimorphopterus doriae
root vagrant Scutelleridae Phimodera humeralis
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema holsata
leaf vagrant Miridae Trigonotylus psammaecolor
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Chorosoma schillingii
leaf vagrant Miridae Notostira elongata
root collar vagrant Lygaeidae Dimorphopterus spinolae
leaf vagrant Miridae Capsus wagneri
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna ferrago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna albipuncta
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna pudorina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna impura
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna pallens
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna turca
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Apamea sordens
stem borer Noctuidae Mesoligia furuncula
stem borer Noctuidae Oria musculosa
stem borer Cerambycidae Calamobius filum
flower vagrant Noctuidae Apamea remissa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Apamea illyria
stem borer Noctuidae Photedes extrema
stem borer Noctuidae Photedes fluxa
root vagrant Noctuidae Apamea crenata
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Deltote pygarga
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Deltote bankiana
stem borer Chloropidae Aphanotrigonum nigripes
stem borer Chloropidae Aphanotrigonum trilineatum
stem borer Chloropidae Incertella albipalpis
stem borer Chloropidae Meromyza pratorum
stem borer Chloropidae Lasiosina herpini
unknown unknown Chloropidae Chlorops gracilis
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Euthrix potatoria
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Minois dryas
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus sylvestris
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Ochlodes sylvanus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia aethiops
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Aphantopus hyperantus
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Carterocephalus palaemon
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Heteropterus morpheus
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus lineola
unknown unknown Sphaeroceridae Apteromyia claviventris
unknown unknown Sphaeroceridae Minilimosina fungicola
stem borer Eurytomidae Eurytoma caulicola
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Athysanus argentarius
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Lebradea flavovirens
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Rhopalopyx vitripennis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Ederranus sachalinensis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Psammotettix confinis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Mocydia crocea
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Gravesteiniella boldi
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Allygidius abbreviatus
leaf vagrant Unknown code! Cicadellidae Allygidius commutatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Balclutha punctata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Errastunus ocellaris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Doratura impudica
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginidia eremita
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Dikraneura variata
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Streptanus okaensis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Endria nebulosa
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Balclutha calamagrostis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Diplocolenus bohemani
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Psammotettix poecilus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Psammotettix slovacus
leaf vagrant Tropiduchidae Trypetimorpha occidentalis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arthaldeus arenarius
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Eurysula lurida
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Mirabella albifrons
leaf vagrant Thripidae Anaphothrips gracillimus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Aptinothrips rufus
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Cephalothrips monilicornis
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema chlorophana
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema major
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Neocrepidodera interpunctata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredopsis litterata
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredopsis friesei
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo maculata
stem hidden Cecidomyiidae Asynapta thuraui
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus greeni
stem borer Cephidae Calameuta filiformis
unknown unknown Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus interruptus
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Helcystogramma rufescens
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Helcystogramma lutatella
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Acaralox croatiae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes mckenziei
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes calamaabditus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria absentia
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus acutatus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria eximia
leaf leaf spot incertae sedis Mastigosporium rubricosum
root vagrant Aphididae Tetraneura africana
leaf scale Coccidae Eriopeltis lichtensteini
fruit gall Hypocreales Fusarium graminearum
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria tosichella
fruit gall Hypocreales Claviceps purpurea
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Mayetiola lanceolatae
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis
leaf film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella hypodytes
leaf gall Anguinidae Anguina graminis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Abacarus hystrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria tenuis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha atra
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha calamagrostidis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha denticornis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha flavocingulata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha hennigi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmella
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha zoerneri
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bisulcella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista griseella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pomerana
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella
leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia pygmaea
leaf pustule Ustilaginales Ustilago calamagrostidis
leaf pustule Ustilaginales Ustilago scrobiculata
leaf stripe Microbotryales Ustilentyloma brefeldii
leaf stripe uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia striiformis
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis calamagrostidis
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis
stem gall main Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera calamagrostidis
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Mayetiola bimaculata
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa calamagrostidis
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa eximia
stem vagrant main Aphididae Laingia psammae
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculodes dubius
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides serrulatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha glyceriae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis
stem vagrant Aphididae Sipha littoralis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis jaroslavi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 23.viii.2022