Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Calamagrostis epigeios

wood small-reed

synonym: Calamagrostis epigejos

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema chlorophana
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema major
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera interpunctata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis litterata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis friesei
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo maculata
stemhiddenCecidomyiidaeAsynapta thuraui
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus greeni
stemborerCephidaeCalameuta filiformis
unknownunknownPseudococcidaePhenacoccus interruptus
leafhiddenGelechiidaeHelcystogramma rufescens
leafhiddenGelechiidaeHelcystogramma lutatella
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAcaralox croatiae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes calamaabditus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria absentia
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus acutatus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria eximia
leafleaf spotincertae sedisMastigosporium rubricosum
rootvagrantAphididaeTetraneura africana
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis lichtensteini
fruitgallHypocrealesFusarium graminearum
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola lanceolatae
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leaffilmUstilaginalesTranzscheliella hypodytes
leafgallAnguinidaeAnguina graminis
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha atra
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha calamagrostidis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha denticornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha flavocingulata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha hennigi
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmella
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha zoerneri
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albifrontella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista argentella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bisulcella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista elegans
leafminerElachistidaeElachista griseella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista maculicerusella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pomerana
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pullicomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista subnigrella
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia pygmaea
leafpustuleUstilaginalesUstilago calamagrostidis
leafpustuleUstilaginalesUstilago scrobiculata
leafstripeMicrobotryalesUstilentyloma brefeldii
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis calamagrostidis
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago striiformis
stemgallmainCecidomyiidaeLasioptera calamagrostidis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola bimaculata
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa calamagrostidis
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa eximia
stemvagrantmainAphididaeLaingia psammae
inquilineEriophyidaeAculodes dubius
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
stemvagrantAphididaeSipha littoralis
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis jaroslavi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 22.vi.2020