Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Deschampsia cespitosa

tufted hair-grass

synonym: Aira caespitosa, cespitosa; Deschampsia caespitosa

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema gallaeciana
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella frontella
stemborerChloropidaeMicrocercis trigonella
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis nassata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis coquebertii
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis tessellata
unknownunknownChloropidaeChlorops interruptus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes deschampsiae
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago airae-caespitosae
leafleaf spotincertae sedisMastigosporium deschampsiae
minerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia alopecuri
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
flowergallTilletialesTilletia cerebrina
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafleaf spotGeorgefischerialesJamesdicksonia dactylidis
leafgallAnguinidaeAnguina graminis
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza albipennis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza lucida
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigripes
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha imbuta
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeMetopomyza flavonotata
leafminerElachistidaeElachista adscitella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albidella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albifrontella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista apicipunctella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista argentella
leafminermainElachistidaeElachista bifasciella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bisulcella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista canapennella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista cinereopunctella
leafminerdoubtfulElachistidaeElachista compsa
leafminerElachistidaeElachista dimicatella
leafminerdoubtfulElachistidaeElachista disemiella
leafminerdoubtfulElachistidaeElachista gleichenella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista humilis
leafminerElachistidaeElachista luticomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista obliquella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pullicomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista stabilella
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia deschampsiae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces airae-flexuosae
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis deschampsiae
stemborerEurytomidaeTetramesa petiolata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera calamagrostidis
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa airae
stemvagrantAphididaeLaingia psammae
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides brevicornis
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides doncasteri
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides hirtellus
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantAphididaeChaetosiphella berlesei
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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