Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Alopecurus pratensis

meadow foxtail

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafhiddenHesperiidaeCarterocephalus palaemon
leafhiddenHesperiidaeThymelicus lineola
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnthomyza gracilis
leafvagrantDelphacidaeMegadelphax sordidulus
leafvagrantThripidaeBolacothrips jordani
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips hamatus
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips manicatus
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema chlorophana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus gonager
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus haematodes
stemborerCephidaeCalameuta punctata
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus nigratus
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella alopecuri
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella phlei
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella ventricosi
stemvagrantThripidaeLimothrips denticornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeSelandria serva
stemvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura clitellata
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus pseudinsignis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago alopecurivora
leafleaf spotmainincertae sedisMastigosporium album
root collarborerlarvaCurculionidaeNotaris scirpi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeDasineura alopecuri
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeStenodiplosis geniculati
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia merceri
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria cornuta
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria taurella
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafleaf spotGeorgefischerialesJamesdicksonia dactylidis
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafgallPeronosporalesSclerophthora macrospora
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza mobilis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrella
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha calamagrostidis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha denticornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia fuscula
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerAgromyzidaeMetopomyza flavonotata
leafminerolder larvaColeophoridaeColeophora lixella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albifrontella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista dimicatella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista maculicerusella
leafminerEphydridaeHydrellia griseola
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia perplexans
leafpustuleuredinia teliararelyPuccinialesPuccinia poae-nemoralis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces alopecuri
leafstripeuredinia teliararelyPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis alopecuri
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella vastator
stemborerEurytomidaeEurytoma atra
stemborerEurytomidaeTetramesa angustipenne
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa fumipennis
stemvagrantAphididaeLaingia psammae
root collargallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola alopecuri
rootgallAnguinidaeSubanguina radicicola
inquilineEriophyidaeAculodes dubius
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides hirtellus
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMetopolophium dirhodum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeSchizaphis nigerrima

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 25.iv.2021