organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem borer larva rarely Curculionidae Bagous tubulus
leaf leaf spot incertae sedis Mastigosporium album
root collar borer larva Curculionidae Notaris scirpi
miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia alopecuri
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum padi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria tosichella
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis graminum
root vagrant Aphididae Geoica setulosa
fruit gall Hypocreales Claviceps purpurea
fruit gall Tilletiales Tilletia controversa
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Stenodiplosis geniculati
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Dasineura alopecuri
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia merceri
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria cornuta
leaf miner>borer Ochsenheimeriidae Ochsenheimeria taurella
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis
leaf leaf spot Dothideales Dilophospora alopecuri
leaf leaf spot Georgefischeriales Jamesdicksonia dactylidis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Abacarus hystrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria tenuis
leaf gall Peronosporales Sclerophthora macrospora
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha calamagrostidis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha denticornis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia fuscula
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola
leaf miner Agromyzidae Metopomyza flavonotata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza mobilis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrella
leaf miner doubtful Agromyzidae Agromyza nigripes
leaf miner older larva Coleophoridae Coleophora lixella
leaf miner older larva Coleophoridae Coleophora ornatipennella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella
leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola
leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia perplexans
leaf pustule uredinia telia rarely Pucciniales Puccinia poae-nemoralis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces alopecuri
leaf stripe Blastocladiales Physoderma gerhardtii
leaf stripe Blastocladiales Physoderma graminis
leaf stripe uredinia telia rarely Pucciniales Puccinia striiformis
leaf stripe Tilletiales Tilletia sleumeri
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis alopecuri
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis
stem borer Chloropidae Oscinella vastator
stem borer Eurytomidae Tetramesa angustipenne
stem borer Eurytomidae Eurytoma atra
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Haplodiplosis marginata
stem gall Chloropidae Oscinella frit
stem gall Chloropidae Oscinella nitidissima
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa fumipennis
stem vagrant Aphididae Laingia psammae
root collar gall Cecidomyiidae Mayetiola alopecuri
root gall Anguinidae Subanguina radicicola
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Tetraneura caerulescens
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculodes dubius
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides brevicornis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides hirtellus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides serrulatus
leaf vagrant main Aphididae Sitobion alopecuri
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha elegans
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha glyceriae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anoecia furcata
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Metopolophium dirhodum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis phlei
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis longicaudata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis rufula
leaf vagrant doubtful Aphididae Schizaphis nigerrima

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 11.v.2019