Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Arrhenatherum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantThripidaeAptinothrips stylifer
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips manicatus
flowerhiddenThripidaeLimothrips cerealium
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema hortensis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus gonager
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus niger
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus nigratus
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella nigerrima
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis sordida
stemborerCephidaeCalameuta filiformis
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus pseudinsignis
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
leafhiddenGelechiidaeHelcystogramma rufescens
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus longilobus
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago denotarisii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMetopolophium dirhodum
fruitgallHypocrealesFusarium graminearum
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia caries
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia controversa
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeContarinia arrhenatheri
flowergallUstilaginalesUstilago avenae
flowergallUstilaginalesUstilago hordei
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafleaf spotDothidealesDilophospora alopecuri
leafleaf spotGeorgefischerialesJamesdicksonia dactylidis
leaffilmUstilaginalesTranzscheliella hypodytes
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallPeronosporalesSclerophthora macrospora
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia fuscula
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza graminivora
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza phryne
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza pusio
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza albipennis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza mobilis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrella
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrociliata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza rondensis
leafminerAgromyzidaePseudonapomyza atra
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albifrontella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista apicipunctella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bedellella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista canapennella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista maculicerusella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista nobilella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pullicomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista rufocinerea
leafminerElachistidaeElachista subalbidella
leafminerEphydridaeHydrellia griseola
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia arrhenatheri
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia arrhenathericola
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafstripeMicrobotryalesUstilentyloma brefeldii
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis avenae-elatioris
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMelanaphis pyraria
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHaplodiplosis marginata
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
stemunknownEurytomidaeTetramesa matrana
stemvagrantAphididaeLaingia psammae
rootgallAnguinidaeSubanguina radicicola
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia vagans
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides hirtellus
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda marginata
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion graminearum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeTetraneura ulmi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
leafvagrantAphididaeMetopolophium albidum
leafvagrantmainAphididaeMetopolophium fasciatum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia furcata
leafvagrantmainAphididaeSchizaphis phlei

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 10.viii.2020