Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Dactylis glomerata

cock’s-foot

synonym: Dactylis ciliata

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema chlorophana
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema mannerheimii
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema aridula
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema hortensis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo maculata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis scutellaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis tischbeinii
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus liogaster
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus niger
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus varispinus
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella frontella
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus nigratus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis sordida
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis litterata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis nassata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis friesei
stemvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura clitellata
stemborerCephidaeCephus spinipes
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
unknownunknownEriococcidaeAnophococcus pannonicus
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
stemscalePseudococcidaeHeterococcus nudus
leafhiddenGelechiidaeHelcystogramma rufescens
leafhiddenGelechiidaeHelcystogramma lutatella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
flowerhiddenmainThripidaeThrips atratus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria phalardis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria glomerivagrans
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus longilobus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus acutatus
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago neocopinata
flowerborerGlyphipterigidaeGlyphipterix simpliciella
leafleaf spotincertae sedisMastigosporium muticum
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeTournotaris bimaculata
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMetopolophium dirhodum
leafstripeAphididaeDiuraphis noxia
fruitgallHypocrealesFusarium graminearum
stemminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha venturii
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis graminum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMelanaphis pyraria
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeParacletus cimiciformis
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallrarelyAnguinidaeAnguina tritici
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia controversa
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeContarinia dactylidis
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeDasineura dactylidis
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeSitodiplosis dactylidis
flowerborerrarelyCecidomyiidaeStenodiplosis geniculati
flowergallUstilaginalesUstilago perrara
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria taurella
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafleaf spotGeorgefischerialesJamesdicksonia dactylidis
leaffilmUstilaginalesTranzscheliella hypodytes
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafgallPeronosporalesSclerophthora macrospora
leafminermainAgromyzidaeAgromyza cinerascens
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrociliata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha crassiseta
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha denticornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha flavocingulata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha superciliosa
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia fuscula
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia milii
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza flaveola
leafminerAgromyzidaePseudonapomyza atra
leafminerolder larvaColeophoridaeColeophora lixella
leafminerolder larvaColeophoridaeColeophora ornatipennella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albifrontella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista apicipunctella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista argentella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista atricomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bifasciella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista catalana
leafminerElachistidaeElachista chrysodesmella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista dimicatella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista gangabella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista griseella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista luticomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista maculicerusella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista obliquella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pullicomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista subnigrella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista unifasciella
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces dactylidis
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformoides
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis dactylidina
stemborerEurytomidaeTetramesa longula
stemdownHypocrealesEpichloe typhina
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHaplodiplosis marginata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHybolasioptera fasciata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera calamagrostidis
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella nitidissima
root collargallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola dactylidis
inquilineEriophyidaeAculodes dubius
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
rootvagrantAphididaeForda pawlowae
root collarvagrantAphididaeJacksonia papillata
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeMetopolophium albidum
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantAphididaeHyalopteroides humilis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 23.vi.2020