organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf hidden Gelechiidae Helcystogramma lutatella
leaf hidden Tortricidae Aphelia paleana
flower hidden main Thripidae Thrips atratus
main Thripidae Thrips atratus
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes mckenziei
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria phalardis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria glomerivagrans
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus longilobus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus acutatus
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago neocopinata
flower borer Glyphipterigidae Glyphipterix simpliciella
leaf leaf spot incertae sedis Mastigosporium muticum
stem borer larva Curculionidae Tournotaris bimaculata
leaf stripe Aphididae Diuraphis noxia
fruit gall Hypocreales Fusarium graminearum
stem borer Anthomyiidae Delia coarctata
stem miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha venturii
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria tosichella
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis graminum
leaf gall spring generation Aphididae Anoecia vagans
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall rarely Anguinidae Anguina tritici
fruit gall Hypocreales Claviceps purpurea
fruit gall Tilletiales Tilletia controversa
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Sitodiplosis dactylidis
flower borer rarely Cecidomyiidae Stenodiplosis geniculati
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Contarinia dactylidis
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Dasineura dactylidis
flower gall Ustilaginales Ustilago perrara
leaf miner>borer Ochsenheimeriidae Ochsenheimeria taurella
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis
leaf leaf spot Dothideales Dilophospora alopecuri
leaf leaf spot Georgefischeriales Jamesdicksonia dactylidis
leaf film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella hypodytes
leaf gall Eriophyidae Abacarus hystrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria tenuis
leaf gall Peronosporales Sclerophthora macrospora
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha crassiseta
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha denticornis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha flavocingulata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha lateralis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha muscina
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha superciliosa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia fuscula
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia milii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza phryne
leaf miner doubtful Agromyzidae Agromyza albipennis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza ambigua
leaf miner main Agromyzidae Agromyza cinerascens
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza lucida
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrella
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrociliata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza rondensis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Pseudonapomyza atra
leaf miner older larva Coleophoridae Coleophora lixella
leaf miner older larva Coleophoridae Coleophora ornatipennella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista atricomella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista catalana
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista chrysodesmella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dimicatella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista elegans
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista gangabella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista griseella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nobilella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista unifasciella
leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola
leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces dactylidis
leaf stripe Blastocladiales Physoderma gerhardtii
leaf stripe Blastocladiales Physoderma graminis
leaf stripe uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia striiformoides
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis dactylidina
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis
stem borer Eurytomidae Tetramesa longula
stem down Hypocreales Epichloe typhina
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Haplodiplosis marginata
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Hybolasioptera fasciata
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera calamagrostidis
stem gall Chloropidae Oscinella nitidissima
root collar gall Cecidomyiidae Mayetiola dactylidis
root collar vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalomyzus poae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anoecia corni
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Tetraneura ulmi
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Forda formicaria
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Forda marginata
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculodes dubius
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides serrulatus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Metopolophium dirhodum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae
leaf vagrant doubtful Aphididae Metopolophium albidum
root vagrant Aphididae Forda pawlowae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum padi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha elegans
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha glyceriae
root collar vagrant Aphididae Jacksonia papillata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Utamphorophora humboldti
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aploneura lentisci
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Baizongia pistaciae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Melanaphis pyraria
leaf vagrant Aphididae Hyalopteroides humilis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 21.xii.2019