Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Dactylis

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
unknownunknownChrysomelidaeLeptispa filiformis
unknownunknowndoubtfulErirhinidaeNotaris aterrima
unknownunknownCurculionidaeSphenophorus abbreviatus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
leafvagrantThripidaeAptinothrips stylifer
leafhiddenThripidaeAnaphothrips obscurus
leafvagrantThripidaeBolacothrips jordani
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips manicatus
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips pallicidornis
flowerhiddenThripidaeLimothrips cerealium
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema chlorophana
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema mannerheimii
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema aridula
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema hortensis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema gallaeciana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo maculata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis scutellaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis tischbeinii
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus niger
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus varispinus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus puncticollis
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella frontella
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus liogaster
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeSelandria serva
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus nigratus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis sordida
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis litterata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis nassata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis friesei
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis tessellata
stemvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura clitellata
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus greeni
stemborerCephidaeCephus spinipes
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus acutus
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
unknownunknownEriococcidaeAnophococcus pannonicus
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis festucae
stemscalePseudococcidaeHeterococcus nudus
leafhiddenGelechiidaeHelcystogramma rufescens
leafhiddenGelechiidaeHelcystogramma lutatella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
flowerhiddenmainThripidaeThrips atratus
mainThripidaeThrips atratus
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria phalardis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria glomerivagrans
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus longilobus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus acutatus
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago neocopinata
flowerborerGlyphipterigidaeGlyphipterix simpliciella
leafleaf spotincertae sedisMastigosporium muticum
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeTournotaris bimaculata
leafstripeAphididaeDiuraphis noxia
fruitgallHypocrealesFusarium graminearum
stemborerAnthomyiidaeDelia coarctata
stemminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha venturii
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis graminum
leafgallspring generationAphididaeAnoecia vagans
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallrarelyAnguinidaeAnguina tritici
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia controversa
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeSitodiplosis dactylidis
flowerborerrarelyCecidomyiidaeStenodiplosis geniculati
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeContarinia dactylidis
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeDasineura dactylidis
flowergallUstilaginalesUstilago perrara
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria taurella
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafleaf spotDothidealesDilophospora alopecuri
leafleaf spotGeorgefischerialesJamesdicksonia dactylidis
leaffilmUstilaginalesTranzscheliella hypodytes
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafgallPeronosporalesSclerophthora macrospora
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha crassiseta
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha denticornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha flavocingulata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha lateralis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha muscina
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha superciliosa
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia fuscula
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia milii
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza flaveola
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza phryne
leafminerdoubtfulAgromyzidaeAgromyza albipennis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza ambigua
leafminermainAgromyzidaeAgromyza cinerascens
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza lucida
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrella
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrociliata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza rondensis
leafminerAgromyzidaePseudonapomyza atra
leafminerolder larvaColeophoridaeColeophora lixella
leafminerolder larvaColeophoridaeColeophora ornatipennella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albifrontella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista apicipunctella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista argentella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista atricomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bifasciella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista catalana
leafminerElachistidaeElachista chrysodesmella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista dimicatella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista elegans
leafminerElachistidaeElachista freyerella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista gangabella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista griseella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista luticomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista maculicerusella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista nobilella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista obliquella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pullicomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista subnigrella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista unifasciella
leafminerEphydridaeHydrellia griseola
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces dactylidis
leafstripeBlastocladialesPhysoderma gerhardtii
leafstripeBlastocladialesPhysoderma graminis
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformoides
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis dactylidina
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago striiformis
stemborerEurytomidaeTetramesa longula
stemdownHypocrealesEpichloe typhina
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHaplodiplosis marginata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHybolasioptera fasciata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera calamagrostidis
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella nitidissima
root collargallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola dactylidis
root collarvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalomyzus poae
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia corni
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeTetraneura ulmi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda formicaria
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda marginata
inquilineEriophyidaeAculodes dubius
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMetopolophium dirhodum
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeMetopolophium albidum
rootvagrantAphididaeForda pawlowae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
root collarvagrantAphididaeJacksonia papillata
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeUtamphorophora humboldti
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAploneura lentisci
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBaizongia pistaciae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMelanaphis pyraria
leafvagrantAphididaeHyalopteroides humilis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 22.xi.2020