Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Festuca ovina


synonym: Festuca vulgaris

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantThripidaeAptinothrips stylifer
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips manicatus
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella frontella
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella nigerrima
stemborerChloropidaeOscinimorpha minutissima
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus greeni
leafscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca gouxi
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus granulatus
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus inermis
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
rootscalePseudococcidaeRhodania occulta
stemscalePseudococcidaeMetadenopus festucae
unknownunknownPseudococcidaePhenacoccus interruptus
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis stammeri
leafvagrantOecophoridaeHoloscolia huebneri
root collarhiddenTortricidaeEana penziana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus compactus
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeTetraneura ulmi
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafleaf spotGeorgefischerialesJamesdicksonia dactylidis
leafgallAnguinidaeAnguina graminis
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallPeronosporalesSclerophthora macrospora
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha muscina
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza graminivora
leafminerElachistidaeElachista argentella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bedellella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bifasciella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bruuni
leafminermainElachistidaeElachista collitella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista dispilella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista dispunctella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista distigmatella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista festucicolella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pollinariella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pullicomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista triatomea
leafminerElachistidaeElachista triseriatella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia festucae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia poae-nemoralis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia sessilis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces festucae
leafstripeTilletialesTilletia sterilis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis ulei
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago striiformis
stemborerBuprestidaeCylindromorphus gallicus
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa brevicollis
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa brevicornis
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides brevicornis
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantAphididaeChaetosiphella berlesei
root collarvagrantAphididaeCryptaphis poae
leafvagrantAphididaeChaetosiphella tshernavini
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
leafvagrantAphididaeMetopolophium tenerum
rootgallAnguinidaeSubanguina radicicola


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 12.viii.2020