Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Festuca ovina


synonym: Festuca vulgaris

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem scale Pseudococcidae Balanococcus singularis
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella tenuicornis
leaf hidden Crambidae Crambus perlella
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha hero
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Lasiommata petropolitana
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia manto
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia medusa
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia mnestra
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia montanus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia oeme
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia meolans
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia triarius
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia christi
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia flavofasciata
leaf leaf spot Nymphalidae Erebia alberganus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia sudetica
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia epiphron
stem hidden Pseudococcidae Trionymus thulensis
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Pyrenophora dictyoides
root collar hidden Crambidae Agriphila selasella
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Arethusana arethusa
root collar hidden Brachodidae Brachodes appendiculata
stem hidden Pseudococcidae Volvicoccus volvifer
root scale Pseudococcidae Chaetococcus sulcii
Neomargarodes festucae
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia pronoe
leaf pustule Phyllachoraceae Phyllachora sylvatica
leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata
root collar scale Coccidae Lecanopsis formicarum
leaf vagrant Miridae Systellonotus triguttatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Conostethus roseus
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Aelia klugii
root scale Rhizoecidae Rhizoecus albidus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia xanthographa
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion isernii
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion uhagonii
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion seoanei
root collar vagrant Noctuidae Tholera decimalis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua orbona
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Epipsilia latens
root vagrant Noctuidae Luperina nickerlii
stem vagrant Noctuidae Calamia tridens
stem borer Noctuidae Oria musculosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna conigera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna ferrago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna l-album
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna turca
leaf hidden Crambidae Pediasia contaminella
root collar hidden Crambidae Pediasia luteella
root vagrant Noctuidae Apamea monoglypha
root vagrant Noctuidae Apamea sublustris
root vagrant Noctuidae Apamea lateritia
root vagrant Noctuidae Apamea furva
root vagrant Noctuidae Apamea platinea
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Euphydryas aurinia
stem borer Chloropidae Cetema cereris
stem borer Chloropidae Meromyza saltatrix
stem borer Chloropidae Meromyza triangulina
leaf vagrant Erebidae Coscinia striata
leaf hidden Crambidae Agriphila geniculea
leaf hidden Crambidae Agriphila inquinatella
leaf hidden Crambidae Agriphila tristella
leaf hidden Crambidae Catoptria staudingeri
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia statilinus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Chazara briseis
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia semele
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia alcyone
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia genava
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Satyrus ferula
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Pseudochazara mniszechii
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Pseudochazara amymone
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Satyrus actaea
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Minois dryas
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Melanargia galathea
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia aethiops
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Maniola jurtina
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Lasiommata megera
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha dorus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha pamphilus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha glycerion
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha arcania
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hyponephele lycaon
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus lineola
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Hesperia comma
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus lineola
leaf hidden Crambidae Agriphila straminella
leaf hidden Crambidae Thisanotia chrysonuchella
stem borer Buprestidae Paracylindromorphus subuliformis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Henschia collina
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Psammotettix confinis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Graphocraerus ventralis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Rhopalopyx preyssleri
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Errastunus ocellaris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Doratura homophyla
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Mocydiopsis longicauda
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Psammotettix pallidinervis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Ebarrius cognatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Rhopalopyx vitripennis
leaf vagrant Aphrophoridae Neophilaenus exclamationis
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Stiromoides maculiceps
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hardya melanopsis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hardya signifer
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Mendrausus pauxillus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Turrutus socialis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Psammotettix nodosus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Planaphrodes bifasciatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Rhopalopyx adumbrata
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Streptanus marginatus
leaf vagrant Aphrophoridae Neophilaenus infumatus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Megadelphax haglundi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Doratura stylata
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Acanthodelphax spinosus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Jassidaeus lugubris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hardya tenuis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Pinumius areatus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis latifrons
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Dikraneura variata
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis aris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Mocydiopsis attenuata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupelix cuspidata
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis mayri
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arocephalus punctum
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arocephalus longiceps
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Kosswigianella exigua
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis inermis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Doratura exilis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Rhytistylus proceps
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Delphacinus mesomelas
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Ribautodelphax pallens
leaf vagrant Thripidae Aptinothrips stylifer
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
stem borer Chloropidae Conioscinella frontella
stem borer Chloropidae Oscinella nigerrima
stem borer Chloropidae Oscinimorpha minutissima
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus greeni
leaf scale Eriococcidae Greenisca gouxi
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus granulatus
stem scale Eriococcidae Greenisca glyceriae
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus inermis
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus insignis
root scale Pseudococcidae Rhodania occulta
stem scale Pseudococcidae Metadenopus festucae
unknown unknown Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus interruptus
leaf scale Coccidae Eriopeltis stammeri
leaf vagrant Oecophoridae Holoscolia huebneri
root collar hidden Tortricidae Eana penziana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes mckenziei
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus compactus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Tetraneura ulmi
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis
leaf leaf spot Georgefischeriales Jamesdicksonia dactylidis
leaf gall Anguinidae Anguina graminis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Abacarus hystrix
leaf gall Peronosporales Sclerophthora macrospora
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha muscina
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza graminivora
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bedellella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bruuni
leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista collitella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dispilella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dispunctella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista distigmatella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista festucicolella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pollinariella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista triatomea
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista triseriatella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia festucae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poae-nemoralis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia sessilis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces festucae
leaf stripe Tilletiales Tilletia sterilis
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis ulei
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis
stem borer Buprestidae Cylindromorphus gallicus
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa brevicollis
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa brevicornis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides brevicornis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides serrulatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella berlesei
root collar vagrant Aphididae Cryptaphis poae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella tshernavini
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha elegans
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Metopolophium tenerum
root gall Anguinidae Subanguina radicicola


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 7.xi.2023