Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Festuca rubra

red fescue

synonym: Festuca dumetorum Hegetschw., L., duriuscula

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantTetranychidaeBryobia vasiljevi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus gonager
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus niger
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus varispinus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus puncticollis
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella festucae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus picipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus nigratus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus aeneus
stemvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura clitellata
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus granulatus
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis festucae
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis stammeri
leafvagrantOecophoridaeHoloscolia huebneri
leafvagrantPsychidaeWhittleia retiella
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria calamagrostis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus compactus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria aculiformis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes janboczeki
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus acutatus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria eximia
stemdownHypocrealesEpichloe festucae
leafvagrantEriococcidaeGreenisca brachypodii
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia controversa
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia vankyi
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeContarinia festucae
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeDasineura festucae
flowergallAnguinidaeAnguina agrostis
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafleaf spotGeorgefischerialesJamesdicksonia dactylidis
leafgallAnguinidaeAnguina graminis
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha flavocingulata
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albifrontella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista argentella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bifasciella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista dispunctella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista freyerella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista griseella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pollinariella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pullicomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista triatomea
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia festucae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia scillae-rubrae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces festucae
leafstripeteliaPuccinialesPuccinia aconiti-rubrae
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis ulei
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago striiformis
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella vastator
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHybolasioptera fasciata
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella nitidissima
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa brevicollis
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa brevicornis
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides brevicornis
leafvagrantAphididaeChaetosiphella berlesei
leafvagrantAphididaeChaetosiphella tshernavini
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
root collargallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola festucae
inquilineEriophyidaeAculodes dubius
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
stemvagrantAphididaeSipha littoralis
leafvagrantAphididaeMetopolophium sabihae
leafvagrantAphididaeMetopolophium tenerum
leafvagrantAphididaeAspidaphis porosiphon
root collarvagrantAphididaeJacksonia papillata

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 25.x.2020