Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Festuca

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organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf scale Eriococcidae Anophococcus insignis
stem scale Pseudococcidae Balanococcus boratynskii
root collar scale Pseudococcidae Dysmicoccus angustifrons
root collar scale Coccidae Lecanopsis turcica
root scale Coccidae Lecanopsis clodiensis
root scale Pseudococcidae Trionymus radicum
root scale Rhizoecidae Ripersiella poltavae
stem scale Pseudococcidae Trionymus aberrans
unknown scale Pseudococcidae Mirococcus festucae
stem scale Pseudococcidae Heterococcus nudus
stem scale Coccidae Scythia craniumequinum
unknown unknown Pseudococcidae Antonina graminis
root scale Pseudococcidae Fonscolombia amnicola
unknown scale Pseudococcidae Mirococcus clarus
stem hidden Pseudococcidae Mirococcopsis elongata
unknown scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus ferulae
root scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus avenae
leaf scale Eriococcidae Anophococcus pseudinsignis
root scale Pseudococcidae Fonscolombia ulusoyi
unknown scale Pseudococcidae Mirococcus ankaranus
leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips albicinctus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Sericothrips staphylinus
unknown unknown Thripidae Aptinothrips karnyi
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Cephalothrips monilicornis
leaf bud hidden Thripidae Taeniothrips inconsequens
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips trehernei
flower hidden Thripidae Neohydatothrips gracilicornis
flower hidden Thripidae Pezothrips frontalis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips pillichi
seeds vagrant Carabidae Amara plebeja
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips aculeatus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Parthenothrips dracaenae
predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips fasciatus
stem vagrant Thripidae Limothrips denticornis
leaf hidden Thripidae Anaphothrips obscurus
leaf predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips albicinctus
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Bolothrips icarus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella tenuicornis
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips tritici
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha hero
leaf film Corticiaceae Laetisaria fuciformis
leaf film Corticiaceae Laetisaria roseipellis
leaf hidden Crambidae Crambus perlella
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha hero
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia aethiopellus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia pandrose
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia ligea
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia aethiopellus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia christi
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia flavofasciata
leaf leaf spot Nymphalidae Erebia alberganus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia sudetica
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia manto
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia medusa
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia mnestra
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia montanus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia oeme
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia meolans
root gall Plasmodiophoraceae Ligniera verrucosa
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Oeneis glacialis
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia euryale
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia epiphron
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia pharte
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia melampus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia pluto
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia gorge
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia stirius
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia ottomana
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia melas
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia melas
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia tyndarus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia triarius
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia melas
root vagrant Cerambycidae Dorcadion decipiens
root scale Pseudococcidae Mirococcopsis subterranea
leaf leaf spot Phyllachoraceae Telimenella gangraena
stem hidden Pseudococcidae Trionymus thulensis
stem borer Opomyzidae Opomyza germinationis
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pollutella
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia fagi
root collar hidden Brachodidae Brachodes gaditana
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Leucania punctosa
root collar hidden Crambidae Agriphila selasella
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Arethusana arethusa
root collar hidden Brachodidae Brachodes appendiculata
leaf leaf spot Ascomycota incertae sedis Ramulaspera holci-lanati
root collar scale Eriococcidae Rhizococcus munroi
unknown scale Coccidae Parafairmairia bipartita
root scale Coccidae Lecanopsis subterranea
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria infectoria
stem hidden Pseudococcidae Volvicoccus volvifer
root scale Pseudococcidae Chaetococcus sulcii
Neomargarodes festucae
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia pronoe
leaf leaf spot Phaeosphaeriaceae Phaeosphaeria eustoma
leaf leaf spot Leptosphaeriaceae Leptosphaeria arenaria
stem scale Coccidae Scythia aetnensis
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis mayri
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Chondrostega escobesae
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis inermis
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis mayri
flower leaf spot Phaeosphaeriaceae Parastagonospora nodorum
stem down Nectriaceae Fusarium culmorum
root film Helicobasidiaceae Helicobasidium purpureum
root film Ceratobasidiaceae Rhizoctonia solani
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Phloeospora idahoensis
leaf pustule Phyllachoraceae Phyllachora dactylidis
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Pyrenophora catenaria
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Pyrenophora dictyoides
leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Rhynchobrunnera orthospora
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum graminicola
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta festucae-erectae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria festucae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria tenella
leaf leaf spot Rutstroemiaceae Clarireedia homoeocarpa
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Drechslera siccans
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta leptospora var. minor
stem film Ceratobasidiaceae Ceratorhiza cerealis
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Bipolaris sorokiniana
root film Pythiaceae Pythium volutum
root collar film Magnaporthaceae Gaeumannomyces tritici
leaf leaf spot Phaeosphaeriaceae Parastagonospora avenae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Zygoseptoria tritici
leaf leaf spot Ascomycota incertae sedis Cheilaria agrostidis
root collar film Magnaporthaceae Gaeumannomyces avenae
leaf leaf spot Helotiales incertae sedis Dactylaria graminicola
leaf pustule Phyllachoraceae Phyllachora sylvatica
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Graminopassalora graminis
leaf leaf spot Spermospora lolii
leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Oculimacula yallundae
leaf leaf spot Spermospora ciliata
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia gracilispora
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia pusilla
root collar scale Coccidae Lecanopsis formicarum
leaf scale Coccidae Scythia festuceti
Scutelleridae Phimodera humeralis
leaf vagrant Miridae Trigonotylus ruficornis
leaf vagrant Miridae Systellonotus triguttatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Conostethus roseus
leaf vagrant Miridae Acetropis carinata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Neottiglossa pusilla
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Chorosoma schillingii
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Myrmus miriformis
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius thymi
root collar vagrant Miridae Capsus ater
flower vagrant Miridae Megaloceroea recticornis
leaf vagrant Miridae Notostira elongata
predator Miridae Pithanus maerkelii
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema calcarata
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema laevigata
flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna dolabrata
flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna ferrugata
leaf vagrant Miridae Trigonotylus caelestialium
leaf vagrant Miridae Amblytylus nasutus
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Aelia klugii
leaf vagrant doubtful Miridae Conostethus brevis
leaf vagrant Miridae Trigonotylus fuscitarsis
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Polydrusus pulchellus
leaf vagrant Erebidae Laelia coenosa
root scale Rhizoecidae Rhizoecus kazachstanus
scale Coccidae Lecanopsis marottai
stem scale Pseudococcidae Brevennia operta
stem scale Pseudococcidae Trionymus perrisii
root scale Rhizoecidae Ripersiella caesii
scale Pseudococcidae Spilococcus furcatispinus
root scale Coccidae Lecanopsis salvatorei
root collar vagrant Crambidae Platytes alpinella
root scale Rhizoecidae Rhizoecus albidus
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion becerrae
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion heydenii
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion korbi
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion molitor
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion mosqueruelense
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia xanthographa
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion uhagonii
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion isernii
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion uhagonii
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion seoanei
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion graellsii
Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion perezi
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion neilense
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion segovianum
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion brannani
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion fuliginator
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Actebia praecox
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua pronuba
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia xanthographa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Epipsilia grisescens
root collar vagrant Noctuidae Tholera decimalis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua orbona
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Epipsilia latens
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Leucania comma
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna favicolor
stem borer Noctuidae Denticucullus pygmina
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna straminea
root vagrant Noctuidae Luperina nickerlii
stem vagrant Noctuidae Calamia tridens
stem borer Noctuidae Oria musculosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna conigera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna ferrago
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna l-album
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Mythimna turca
stem borer Noctuidae Mesoligia furuncula
flower vagrant Noctuidae Apamea remissa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Apamea sordens
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xylena vetusta
root collar hidden Crambidae Pediasia aridella
root collar hidden Crambidae Pediasia luteella
root vagrant Noctuidae Apamea monoglypha
root vagrant Noctuidae Apamea sublustris
root vagrant Noctuidae Apamea lateritia
root vagrant Noctuidae Apamea furva
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Lasiommata maera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Apamea sphagnicola
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Apamea ramonae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Thalpophila matura
stem borer Chloropidae Meromyza mosquensis
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Euphydryas aurinia
stem borer Chloropidae Cetema elongatum
systemic Hypocreales Epichlo├ź coenophiala
stem borer Chloropidae Cetema cereris
unknown unknown Chloropidae Chlorops calceatus
stem borer Chloropidae Cetema neglectum
stem borer Chloropidae Meromyza triangulina
stem borer Chloropidae Incertella albipalpis
stem borer Chloropidae Meromyza laeta
stem borer Chloropidae Meromyza saltatrix
stem borer Chloropidae Meromyza variegata
stem borer Chloropidae Cetema neglectum
stem borer Chloropidae Aphanotrigonum trilineatum
leaf vagrant Erebidae Coscinia striata
leaf vagrant doubtful Erebidae Sagarriella romei
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Malacosoma franconica
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Macrothylacia rubi
leaf hidden Crambidae Catoptria fulgidella
leaf hidden Crambidae Agriphila geniculea
leaf hidden Crambidae Agriphila inquinatella
leaf hidden Crambidae Agriphila tristella
leaf hidden Crambidae Catoptria staudingeri
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia semele
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia alcyone
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia genava
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Satyrus ferula
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Pseudochazara mniszechii
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Pseudochazara amymone
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Satyrus actaea
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Minois dryas
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Brintesia circe
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia statilinus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Lasiommata petropolitana
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Pyronia tithonus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha corinna
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Melanargia galathea
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Erebia aethiops
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Maniola jurtina
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Lasiommata megera
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha dorus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha pamphilus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha glycerion
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha arcania
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hyponephele lycaon
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha tullia
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Aphantopus hyperantus
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus lineola
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Carterocephalus palaemon
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus lineola
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Hesperia comma
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus lineola
unknown unknown Sphaeroceridae Apteromyia claviventris
leaf hidden Crambidae Pediasia contaminella
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Chazara briseis
leaf hidden Crambidae Agriphila straminella
leaf hidden Crambidae Thisanotia chrysonuchella
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Ribautodelphax ventouxianus
root scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus hordei
stem borer Anthomyzidae Stiphrosoma sabulosum
stem borer Anthomyzidae Stiphrosoma laetum
stem borer Chloropidae Lasiosina herpini
unknown unknown Chloropidae Aphanotrigonum femorellum
stem borer Anthomyzidae Anthomyza gracilis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Graphocraerus ventralis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Rhopalopyx preyssleri
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Errastunus ocellaris
stem borer Buprestidae Paracylindromorphus subuliformis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Elymana kozhevnikovi
leaf vagrant larva Cicadellidae Hesium domino
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Mongolojassus bicuspidatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Psammotettix pallidinervis
leaf vagrant Aphrophoridae Neophilaenus minor
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eohardya fraudulentus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Gravesteiniella boldi
leaf vagrant Aphrophoridae Neophilaenus exclamationis
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Stiromoides maculiceps
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hardya melanopsis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hardya signifer
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Mendrausus pauxillus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Ebarrius cognatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Artianus interstitialis
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Javesella pellucida
leaf vagrant Aphrophoridae Neophilaenus lineatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Athysanus argentarius
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Conosanus obsoletus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Jassargus obtusivalvis
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Pastiroma clypeata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Verdanus abdominalis
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Scottianella dalei
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Jassargus pseudocellaris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Planaphrodes bifasciatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Rhopalopyx adumbrata
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Streptanus marginatus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Dicranotropis divergens
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Doratura homophyla
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Henschia collina
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Psammotettix confinis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Psammotettix helvolus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Jassargus flori
leaf vagrant Aphrophoridae Neophilaenus infumatus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Megadelphax haglundi
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Delphacodes venosus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Dicranotropis hamata
leaf vagrant doubtful Delphacidae Megamelodes quadrimaculatus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Jassidaeus lugubris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Hardya tenuis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Pinumius areatus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis latifrons
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Dikraneura variata
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis aris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Anoscopus alpinus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Macrosteles sexnotatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Jassargus allobrogicus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Achorotile albosignata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Euscelis incisus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Mocydiopsis longicauda
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis mayri
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arocephalus punctum
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arocephalus longiceps
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupelix cuspidata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Psammotettix nodosus
stem vagrant Thripidae Limothrips denticornis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Henschia quadricornis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Rhopalopyx vitripennis
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Diplocolenus frauenfeldi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arthaldeus striifrons
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Mocydiopsis attenuata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arthaldeus pascuellus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Criomorphus albomarginatus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Zyginidia scutellaris
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Criomorphus albomarginatus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Hyledelphax elegantulus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Doratura exilis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Rhytistylus proceps
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Turrutus socialis
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Delphacinus mesomelas
leaf vagrant doubtful Delphacidae Xanthodelphax xanthus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Doratura stylata
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Ribautodelphax imitans
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Acanthodelphax spinosus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Kosswigianella exigua
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis inermis
root vagrant larva Cercopidae Haematoloma dorsata
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Ribautodelphax pallens
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia vasiljevi
inquiline Eurytomidae Eurytoma palustris
leaf vagrant Penthaleidae Penthaleus major
flower hidden Thripidae Limothrips cerealium
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Aptinothrips stylifer
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema aridula
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema hortensis
root borer Chrysomelidae Chaetocnema chlorophana
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Oulema melanopus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Oulema gallaeciana
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredopsis scutellaris
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus niger
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus varispinus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus nitens
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura obducta
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus puncticollis
stem borer Chloropidae Conioscinella frontella
stem borer Chloropidae Oscinella nigerrima
stem borer Chloropidae Oscinimorpha minutissima
stem borer Chloropidae Microcercis trigonella
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus liogaster
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus gonager
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus phalipi
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus picipes
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus nigratus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus aeneus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Selandria serva
stem vagrant Tenthredinidae Euura clitellata
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus greeni
root collar scale Eriococcidae Rhizococcus munroi
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus granulatus
leaf scale Eriococcidae Greenisca placida
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus formicicola
stem scale Pseudococcidae Trionymus aberrans
stem scale Eriococcidae Greenisca glyceriae
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus inermis
root scale Pseudococcidae Rhodania porifera
root scale Pseudococcidae Rhodania occulta
stem scale Pseudococcidae Metadenopus festucae
leaf scale Coccidae Eriopeltis festucae
stem scale Pseudococcidae Heterococcus nudus
unknown unknown Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus interruptus
leaf scale Coccidae Eriopeltis stammeri
stem borer Gelechiidae Megacraspedus lanceolellus
leaf vagrant Oecophoridae Holoscolia huebneri
leaf vagrant Psychidae Whittleia retiella
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
root collar hidden Tortricidae Eana penziana
leaf vagrant Tarsonemidae Steneotarsonemus culmicolus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes festucae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria erecti
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes mckenziei
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria glomerivagrans
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus compactus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria calamagrostis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria aculiformis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes janboczeki
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus acutatus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria eximia
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago loliicola
flower borer Glyphipterigidae Glyphipterix simpliciella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae
stem vagrant Aphididae Laingia psammae
leaf vagrant Eriococcidae Greenisca brachypodii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha bistrigata
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria tosichella
leaf vagrant doubtful Aphididae Iziphya bufo
root collar vagrant Aphididae Sminthuraphis ulrichi
root vagrant Aphididae Geoica setulosa
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Hypocreales Claviceps purpurea
fruit gall Tilletiales Tilletia controversa
fruit gall Tilletiales Tilletia vankyi
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Contarinia festucae
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Dasineura festucae
flower gall Anguinidae Anguina agrostis
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria cornuta
leaf miner>borer Noctuidae Photedes morrisii
leaf miner>borer Ochsenheimeriidae Ochsenheimeria vacculella
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis
leaf leaf spot Georgefischeriales Jamesdicksonia dactylidis
leaf film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella hypodytes
leaf gall Anguinidae Anguina graminis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Abacarus hystrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria tenuis
leaf gall Peronosporales Sclerophthora macrospora
leaf gall Tarsonemidae Steneotarsonemus graminis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha denticornis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha flavocingulata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha muscina
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha rohdendorfi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia fuscula
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia milii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza graminivora
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza albipennis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza mobilis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrella
leaf miner Agromyzidae Pseudonapomyza atra
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Cosmopterix orichalcea
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista adscitella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista baltica
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bedellella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bisulcella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bruuni
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista canapennella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista carinisella
leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista collitella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dispilella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dispunctella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista distigmatella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista festucicolella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista griseella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista humilis
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista irenae
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nitidulella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nobilella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista occulta
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pollinariella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista rufocinerea
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista spumella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista szocsi
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista triatomea
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista triseriatella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista utonella
leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola
leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia festucae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poae-nemoralis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia scillae-rubrae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia sessilis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces festucae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces festucae-nigricantis
leaf stripe Blastocladiales Physoderma graminis
leaf stripe Microbotryales Ustilentyloma brefeldii
leaf stripe uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia striiformis
leaf stripe telia Pucciniales Puccinia aconiti-rubrae
leaf stripe Tilletiales Tilletia sterilis
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis ulei
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis
stem borer Buprestidae Cylindromorphus gallicus
stem borer Chloropidae Oscinella pusilla
stem borer Chloropidae Oscinella vastator
stem down Hypocreales Epichloe festucae
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Haplodiplosis marginata
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Hybolasioptera fasciata
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera calamagrostidis
stem gall Chloropidae Oscinella festucae
stem gall Chloropidae Oscinella frit
stem gall Chloropidae Oscinella nitidissima
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa brevicollis
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa brevicornis
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa giraudi
root collar gall Cecidomyiidae Mayetiola festucae
root collar unknown Eurytomidae Tetramesa gracilipennis
root collar vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalomyzus poae
root borer Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera auricincta
root gall Anguinidae Subanguina radicicola
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera avenae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Tetraneura caerulescens
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Tetraneura ulmi
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Forda formicaria
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Forda marginata
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Geoica utricularia
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Paracletus cimiciformis
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculodes dubius
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides brevicornis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides serrulatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella berlesei
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella tshernavini
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha elegans
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha glyceriae
stem vagrant Aphididae Sipha littoralis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Metopolophium dirhodum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Metopolophium festucae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Utamphorophora humboldti
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Baizongia pistaciae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum padi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anoecia furcata
root vagrant Aphididae Anoecia zirnitsi
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
root collar vagrant Aphididae Cryptaphis poae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis nigerrima
root collar vagrant Aphididae Jacksonia papillata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aspidaphis porosiphon
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion graminearum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Metopolophium sabihae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Metopolophium tenerum

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ┬▒ necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 8.ii.2024