Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Festuca

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowerhiddenThripidaeLimothrips cerealium
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips manicatus
leafvagrantThripidaeAptinothrips stylifer
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema aridula
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema hortensis
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema chlorophana
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema melanopus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema gallaeciana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis scutellaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus niger
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus varispinus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus nitens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura obducta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus puncticollis
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella frontella
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella nigerrima
stemborerChloropidaeOscinimorpha minutissima
stemborerChloropidaeMicrocercis trigonella
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus liogaster
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus gonager
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus phalipi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus picipes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus nigratus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus aeneus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeSelandria serva
stemvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura clitellata
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus greeni
root collarscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus munroi
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus granulatus
leafscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca placida
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus formicicola
stemscalePseudococcidaeTrionymus aberrans
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus pseudinsignis
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus inermis
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
rootscalePseudococcidaeRhodania porifera
rootscalePseudococcidaeRhodania occulta
stemscalePseudococcidaeMetadenopus festucae
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis festucae
stemscalePseudococcidaeHeterococcus nudus
unknownunknownPseudococcidaePhenacoccus interruptus
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis stammeri
stemborerGelechiidaeMegacraspedus lanceolellus
leafvagrantOecophoridaeHoloscolia huebneri
leafvagrantPsychidaeWhittleia retiella
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
root collarhiddenTortricidaeEana penziana
leafvagrantTarsonemidaeSteneotarsonemus culmicolus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes festucae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria erecti
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria glomerivagrans
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus compactus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria calamagrostis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria aculiformis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes janboczeki
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus acutatus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria eximia
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago loliicola
flowerborerGlyphipterigidaeGlyphipterix simpliciella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
stemvagrantAphididaeLaingia psammae
leafvagrantEriococcidaeGreenisca brachypodii
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha bistrigata
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeIziphya bufo
root collarvagrantAphididaeSminthuraphis ulrichi
rootvagrantAphididaeGeoica setulosa
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia controversa
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia vankyi
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeContarinia festucae
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeDasineura festucae
flowergallAnguinidaeAnguina agrostis
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria cornuta
leafminer>borerNoctuidaePhotedes morrisii
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria vacculella
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafleaf spotGeorgefischerialesJamesdicksonia dactylidis
leaffilmUstilaginalesTranzscheliella hypodytes
leafgallAnguinidaeAnguina graminis
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafgallPeronosporalesSclerophthora macrospora
leafgallTarsonemidaeSteneotarsonemus graminis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha denticornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha flavocingulata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha muscina
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha rohdendorfi
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia fuscula
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia milii
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza flaveola
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza graminivora
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza albipennis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza mobilis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrella
leafminerAgromyzidaePseudonapomyza atra
leafminerCosmopterigidaeCosmopterix orichalcea
leafminerElachistidaeElachista adscitella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albifrontella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista apicipunctella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista argentella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista baltica
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bedellella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bifasciella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bisulcella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bruuni
leafminerElachistidaeElachista canapennella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista carinisella
leafminermainElachistidaeElachista collitella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista dispilella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista dispunctella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista distigmatella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista festucicolella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista freyerella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista griseella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista herrichii
leafminerElachistidaeElachista humilis
leafminerElachistidaeElachista irenae
leafminerElachistidaeElachista luticomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista maculicerusella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista nitidulella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista nobilella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista obliquella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista occulta
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pollinariella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pullicomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista rufocinerea
leafminerElachistidaeElachista spumella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista stabilella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista subnigrella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista szocsi
leafminerElachistidaeElachista triatomea
leafminerElachistidaeElachista triseriatella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista utonella
leafminerEphydridaeHydrellia griseola
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia festucae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia poae-nemoralis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia scillae-rubrae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia sessilis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces festucae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces festucae-nigricantis
leafstripeBlastocladialesPhysoderma graminis
leafstripeMicrobotryalesUstilentyloma brefeldii
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
leafstripeteliaPuccinialesPuccinia aconiti-rubrae
leafstripeTilletialesTilletia sterilis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis ulei
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago striiformis
stemborerBuprestidaeCylindromorphus gallicus
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella pusilla
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella vastator
stemdownHypocrealesEpichloe festucae
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHaplodiplosis marginata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHybolasioptera fasciata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera calamagrostidis
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella festucae
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella nitidissima
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa brevicollis
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa brevicornis
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa giraudi
root collargallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola festucae
root collarunknownEurytomidaeTetramesa gracilipennis
root collarvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalomyzus poae
rootborerCecidomyiidaeLasioptera auricincta
rootgallAnguinidaeSubanguina radicicola
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera avenae
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeTetraneura caerulescens
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeTetraneura ulmi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda formicaria
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda marginata
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeGeoica utricularia
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeParacletus cimiciformis
inquilineEriophyidaeAculodes dubius
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides brevicornis
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantAphididaeChaetosiphella berlesei
leafvagrantAphididaeChaetosiphella tshernavini
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
stemvagrantAphididaeSipha littoralis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMetopolophium dirhodum
leafvagrantAphididaeMetopolophium festucae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeUtamphorophora humboldti
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBaizongia pistaciae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia furcata
rootvagrantAphididaeAnoecia zirnitsi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
root collarvagrantAphididaeCryptaphis poae
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis nigerrima
root collarvagrantAphididaeJacksonia papillata
leafvagrantAphididaeAspidaphis porosiphon
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion graminearum
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantAphididaeMetopolophium sabihae
leafvagrantAphididaeMetopolophium tenerum

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 12.viii.2020