organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
root collar hidden Tortricidae Eana penziana
leaf vagrant Tarsonemidae Steneotarsonemus culmicolus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes festucae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria erecti
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes mckenziei
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria glomerivagrans
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus compactus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria calamagrostis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria aculiformis
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes janboczeki
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Abacarus acutatus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria eximia
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago loliicola
flower borer Glyphipterigidae Glyphipterix simpliciella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae
stem vagrant Aphididae Laingia psammae
leaf vagrant Eriococcidae Greenisca brachypodii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha bistrigata
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria tosichella
leaf vagrant doubtful Aphididae Iziphya bufo
root collar vagrant Aphididae Sminthuraphis ulrichi
root vagrant Aphididae Geoica setulosa
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Hypocreales Claviceps purpurea
fruit gall Tilletiales Tilletia controversa
fruit gall Tilletiales Tilletia vankyi
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Contarinia festucae
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Dasineura festucae
flower gall Anguinidae Anguina agrostis
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria cornuta
leaf miner>borer Noctuidae Photedes morrisii
leaf miner>borer Ochsenheimeriidae Ochsenheimeria vacculella
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis
leaf leaf spot Georgefischeriales Jamesdicksonia dactylidis
leaf film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella hypodytes
leaf gall Anguinidae Anguina graminis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Abacarus hystrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria tenuis
leaf gall Peronosporales Sclerophthora macrospora
leaf gall Tarsonemidae Steneotarsonemus graminis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha denticornis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha flavocingulata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha muscina
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha rohdendorfi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia fuscula
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia milii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza graminivora
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza albipennis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza mobilis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrella
leaf miner Agromyzidae Pseudonapomyza atra
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Cosmopterix orichalcea
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista adscitella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista apicipunctella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista baltica
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bedellella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bifasciella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bisulcella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista bruuni
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista canapennella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista carinisella
leaf miner main Elachistidae Elachista collitella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dispilella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista dispunctella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista distigmatella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista festucicolella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista freyerella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista griseella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista herrichii
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista humilis
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista irenae
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista luticomella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nitidulella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista nobilella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista obliquella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista occulta
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pollinariella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pullicomella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista rufocinerea
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista spumella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista stabilella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista subnigrella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista szocsi
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista triatomea
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista triseriatella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista utonella
leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola
leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia festucae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia poae-nemoralis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia scillae-rubrae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia sessilis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces festucae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Uromyces festucae-nigricantis
leaf stripe Blastocladiales Physoderma graminis
leaf stripe Microbotryales Ustilentyloma brefeldii
leaf stripe uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia striiformis
leaf stripe telia Pucciniales Puccinia aconiti-rubrae
leaf stripe Tilletiales Tilletia sterilis
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis ulei
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis
stem borer Buprestidae Cylindromorphus gallicus
stem borer Chloropidae Oscinella pusilla
stem borer Chloropidae Oscinella vastator
stem down Hypocreales Epichloe festucae
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Haplodiplosis marginata
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Hybolasioptera fasciata
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera calamagrostidis
stem gall Chloropidae Oscinella festucae
stem gall Chloropidae Oscinella frit
stem gall Chloropidae Oscinella nitidissima
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa brevicollis
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa brevicornis
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa giraudi
root collar gall Cecidomyiidae Mayetiola festucae
root collar unknown Eurytomidae Tetramesa gracilipennis
root collar vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalomyzus poae
root borer Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera auricincta
root gall Anguinidae Subanguina radicicola
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera avenae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Tetraneura caerulescens
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Tetraneura ulmi
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Forda formicaria
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Forda marginata
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Geoica utricularia
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Paracletus cimiciformis
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculodes dubius
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides brevicornis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides serrulatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella berlesei
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella tshernavini
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha elegans
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha glyceriae
stem vagrant Aphididae Sipha littoralis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Metopolophium dirhodum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Metopolophium festucae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Utamphorophora humboldti
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Baizongia pistaciae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum padi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anoecia furcata
root vagrant Aphididae Anoecia zirnitsi
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
root collar vagrant Aphididae Cryptaphis poae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis nigerrima
root collar vagrant Aphididae Jacksonia papillata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aspidaphis porosiphon
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion graminearum
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Metopolophium sabihae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Metopolophium tenerum


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 10.xi.2019