Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Schedonorus arundinaceus

tall fescue

synonym: Festuca arundinacea, elatior subsp. arundinacea

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnthomyza gracilis
stemborerAnthomyzidaeStiphrosoma sabulosum
stemborerAnthomyzidaeStiphrosoma laetum
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAthysanus argentarius
leafvagrantCicadellidaeConosanus obsoletus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArthaldeus striifrons
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZyginidia scutellaris
leafvagrantDelphacidaeDelphacodes venosus
leafvagrantDelphacidaeDicranotropis hamata
leafvagrantDelphacidaeRibautodelphax imitans
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips manicatus
flowerhiddenThripidaeLimothrips cerealium
stemborerChloropidaeMicrocercis trigonella
stemvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura clitellata
stemscalePseudococcidaeHeterococcus nudus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes festucae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria erecti
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago loliicola
flowerborerGlyphipterigidaeGlyphipterix simpliciella
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeParacletus cimiciformis
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeContarinia festucae
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeDasineura festucae
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria cornuta
leafminer>borerNoctuidaePhotedes morrisii
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerCosmopterigidaeCosmopterix orichalcea
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bisulcella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista freyerella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista rufocinerea
leafminerElachistidaeElachista stabilella
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia poae-nemoralis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces festucae
leafstripeMicrobotryalesUstilentyloma brefeldii
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis ulei
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella festucae
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella nitidissima
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 15.iii.2021