Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Schedonorus pratensis

meadow fescue

synonym: Festuca pratensis

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema chlorophana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis scutellaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus gonager
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus niger
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus nigratus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeSelandria serva
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus greeni
root collarscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus munroi
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
stemscalePseudococcidaeTrionymus aberrans
unknownunknownPseudococcidaePhenacoccus interruptus
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis festucae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria cornuta
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMetopolophium dirhodum
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia controversa
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeContarinia festucae
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria vacculella
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafgallAnguinidaeAnguina graminis
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha flavocingulata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha rohdendorfi
leafminerElachistidaeElachista luticomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista maculicerusella
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces festucae
leafstripeMicrobotryalesUstilentyloma brefeldii
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis ulei
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago striiformis
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella pusilla
stemborermainChloropidaeOscinella vastator
stemdownHypocrealesEpichloe festucae
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHaplodiplosis marginata
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella festucae
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella nitidissima
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa giraudi
rootborerCecidomyiidaeLasioptera auricincta
rootgallAnguinidaeSubanguina radicicola
inquilineEriophyidaeAculodes dubius
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis nigerrima


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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