Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Anthoxanthum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeGraminopassalora graminis
leafleaf spotPleosporalesPyrenophora phaeocomes
leafvagrantMiridaeAcetropis gimmerthali
stemborerChloropidaeIncertella albipalpis
leafvagrantNymphalidaeCoenonympha pamphilus
leafvagrantNymphalidaeErebia aethiops
leafhiddenHesperiidaeThymelicus lineola
rootscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus hordei
stemborerOpomyzidaeOpomyza petrei
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella mimula
leafvagrantCicadellidaeSardius argus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeAnoscopus albifrons
leafvagrantCicadellidaeGraphocraerus ventralis
leafvagrantDelphacidaeRibautodelphax angulosus
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella frontella
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus pseudinsignis
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
unknownunknownGelechiidaeSophronia semicostella
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis graminum
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeIsraelaphis alistana
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
flowergallTilletialesTilletia anthoxanthi
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafleaf spotGeorgefischerialesJamesdicksonia dactylidis
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza flaveola
leafminerolder larvaColeophoridaeColeophora ornatipennella
leafminerolder larvaColeophoridaeColeophora lixella
leafminermainCosmopterigidaeCosmopterix orichalcea
leafminerElachistidaeElachista dimicatella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista humilis
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia anthoxanthina
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia borealis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia sardonensis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis roivainenii
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago striiformis
stemdownHypocrealesEpichloe typhina
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella nitidissima
rootgallAnguinidaeSubanguina radicicola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 10.ix.2022