reed canary-grass

synonym: Phalaris arundinacea

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem borer larva rarely Curculionidae Bagous elegans
stem borer larva Curculionidae Bagous frivaldszkyi
stem borer larva Curculionidae Tournotaris bimaculata
fruit borer Cecidomyiidae Coniophora graminicola
leaf vagrant Eriococcidae Greenisca brachypodii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Metopolophium dirhodum
fruit gall Hypocreales Claviceps purpurea
fruit gall Tilletiales Tilletia menieri
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Sitodiplosis phalaridis
flower borer main Chloropidae Oscinella trochanterata
flower gall Anguinidae Anguina agrostis
leaf borer Cecidomyiidae Epicalamus phalaridis
leaf film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella hypodytes
leaf gall Eriophyidae Abacarus hystrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria tenuis
leaf gall Peronosporales Sclerophthora macrospora
leaf miner main Agromyzidae Agromyza albipennis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrociliata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha denticornis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha phalaridis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha zoerneri
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia fuscula
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza flaveola
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Cosmopterix orichalcea
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista albifrontella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista argentella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista humilis
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista maculicerusella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista pomerana
leaf miner Ephydridae Hydrellia griseola
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf pustule Cantharellales Ceratorhiza rhizodes
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis
leaf pustule uredinia telia main Pucciniales Puccinia sessilis
leaf stripe Blastocladiales Physoderma gerhardtii
leaf stripe Microbotryales Ustilentyloma brefeldii
leaf stripe uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia striiformis
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago echinata
leaf stripe Ustilaginales Ustilago striiformis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalomyzus lonicerae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Acaralox arundinaceus
stem borer Eurytomidae Tetramesa longicornis
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera calamagrostidis
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Mayetiola phalaris
root gall Anguinidae Subanguina radicicola
leaf vagrant Aphididae Atheroides serrulatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha glyceriae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha elegans
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Hyalopterus pruni
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum padi
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anoecia major
leaf vagrant main Aphididae Schizaphis longicaudata

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 10.v.2019