Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Poa

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantNymphalidaeAphantopus hyperantus
leafvagrantNymphalidaeErebia aethiops
leafhiddenHesperiidaeThymelicus lineola
leafhiddenHesperiidaeCarterocephalus palaemon
leafhiddenCrambidaePediasia contaminella
rootscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus hordei
stemborerAnthomyzidaeStiphrosoma sabulosum
stemborerAnthomyzidaeStiphrosoma laetum
stemborerBuprestidaeCylindromorphus filum
stemborerOpmyzidaeGeomyza breviseta
stemborerAnthomyzidaeAnthomyza gracilis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeArthaldeus pascuellus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeTurrutus socialis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMocydiopsis intermedia
leafvagrantDelphacidaeJavesella forcipata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeZyginidia scutellaris
leafvagrantDelphacidaeCriomorphus albomarginatus
leafvagrantDelphacidaeJavesella pellucida
leafvagrantRicaniidaeRicania hedenborgi
leafvagrantCicadellidaeDeltocephalus pulicaris
leafvagrantCicadellidaePsammotettix confinis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeJassargus flori
leafvagrantCicadellidaeDoratura homophyla
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHenschia collina
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeHardya tenuis
leafvagrantDelphacidaeEurysa lineata
leafvagrantDelphacidaeEurysa brunnea
leafvagrantDelphacidaeStiroma affinis
leafvagrantDelphacidaeMegamelodes quadrimaculatus
leafvagrantDelphacidaeMegamelodes quadrimaculatus
leafvagrantadultCercopidaeCercopis sanguinolenta
leafvagrantdoubtfulDelphacidaeEurysella brunnea
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEuscelis incisus
unknownunknownThripidaeLimothrips consimilis
leafvagrantDelphacidaeCriomorphus moestus
stemvagrantThripidaeLimothrips denticornis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeGraphocraerus ventralis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeRhopalopyx preyssleri
leafvagrantDelphacidaeXanthodelphax flaveolus
leafvagrantDelphacidaeRibautodelphax albostriatus
leafvagrantDelphacidaeMuirodelphax aubei
unknownunknownCurculionidaeSphenophorus abbreviatus
unknownunknownThripidaeProsopothrips nigriceps
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips ruptipennis
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella tenuicornis
leafvagrantPenthaleidaePenthaleus major
leafhiddenThripidaeThrips tabaci
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips manicatus
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips ambulans
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema compressa
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema hortensis
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema aridula
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema arenacea
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema chlorophana
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema melanopus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema melanopus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis scutellaris
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus varispinus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus niger
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus nitens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus anthracinus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura obducta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus puncticollis
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella frontella
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella livida
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella obscuripila
stemborerChloropidaeMicrocercis trigonella
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus liogaster
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus gonager
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus haematodes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeSelandria serva
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus aeneus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus nigratus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis coquebertii
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEutomostethus ephippium
stemvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura clitellata
stemborerCephidaeCephus nigrinus
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus greeni
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
leafscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca gouxi
stemscalePseudococcidaeMetadenopus festucae
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis festucae
rootscalePseudococcidaeChaetococcus sulcii
leafhiddenCrambidaeNomophila noctuella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeHelcystogramma rufescens
unknownunknowndoubtfulGelechiidaeSophronia semicostella
rootborerGelechiidaeMegacraspedus dolosellus
stemgallAnguinidaeAnguina agropyri
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
root collargallAnguinidaeAnguina pacificae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
stemvagrantAphididaeLaingia psammae
leafvagrantEriococcidaeGreenisca brachypodii
leafvagrantAphididaeDiuraphis agrostidis
leafminerolder larvaColeophoridaeColeophora lixella
leafminerolder larvaColeophoridaeColeophora ornatipennella
stemborerAnthomyiidaeDelia coarctata
stemborerAnthomyiidaeDelia fabricii
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis graminum
unknownvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMetopolophium montanum
unknownvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMetopolophium alpinum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia haupti
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeSitodiplosis cambriensis
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeContarinia floricola
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeDasineura poae
flowergallAnguinidaeAnguina agrostis
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria cornuta
flowergallTilletialesTilletia poae
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria taurella
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria vacculella
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafdownPeronosporalesSclerospora graminicola
leafleaf spotDothidealesDilophospora alopecuri
leafleaf spotGeorgefischerialesJamesdicksonia dactylidis
leafleaf spotGeorgefischerialesJamesdicksonia irregularis
leafleaf spotPhyllachoralesPhyllachora graminis
leaffilmUstilaginalesTranzscheliella hypodytes
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafgallPeronosporalesSclerophthora macrospora
leafgallTilletialesTilletia transiliensis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha alpina
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha atronitens
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha chaixiana
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha crassiseta
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha denticornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha fasciata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha flavocingulata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha fulvipes
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha melicae
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha muscina
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha rohdendorfi
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha superciliosa
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia fuscula
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia milii
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza flaveola
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza graminivora
leafminerdoubtfulAgromyzidaeLiriomyza orbona
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza albipennis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza mobilis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrella
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza rondensis
leafminerAgromyzidaePseudonapomyza atra
leafminerChrysomelidaeHispa atra
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albicapilla
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albidella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albifrontella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista apicipunctella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista argentella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bedellella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista bifasciella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista canapennella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista chrysodesmella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista collitella
leafminerdoubtfulElachistidaeElachista consortella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista dimicatella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista elegans
leafminerElachistidaeElachista exactella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista freyerella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista griseella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista humilis
leafminerElachistidaeElachista luticomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista maculicerusella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista obliquella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pollinariella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pomerana
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pullicomella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista stabilella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista subalbidella
leafminerEphydridaeHydrellia griseola
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia baldensis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia petasites-poarum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia poae-aposeridis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia poae-nemoralis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia poarum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces poae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesUromyces poae-alpinae
leafpustuleUstilaginalesUstilago trebouxii
leafstripeBlastocladialesPhysoderma graminis
leafstripeMicrobotryalesUstilentyloma brefeldii
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia pseudostriiformis
leafstripeTilletialesTilletia sterilis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis poae
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis poae-palustris
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago striiformis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyalopterus pruni
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMelanaphis pyraria
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella pusilla
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella vastator
stemdownHypocrealesEpichloe poae
stemdownHypocrealesEpichloe typhina
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHaplodiplosis marginata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHybolasioptera fasciata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola destructor
stemgallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola graminis
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella nitidissima
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa poae
stemgallrarelyEurytomidaeTetramesa viktorina
root collargallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola joannisi
root collargallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola radicifica
root collargallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola schoberi
root collarvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalomyzus poae
rootgallAnguinidaeSubanguina radicicola
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera avenae
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia corni
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeTetraneura caerulescens
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeTetraneura ulmi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAploneura lentisci
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda formicaria
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda marginata
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeGeoica utricularia
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeParacletus cimiciformis
inquilineEriophyidaeAculodes dubius
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
root collarvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalomyzus poae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeUtamphorophora humboldti
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAploneura lentisci
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMetopolophium dirhodum
leafvagrantAphididaeMetopolophium festucae
leafvagrantmainMetopolophium frisicum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBaizongia pistaciae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion scoticum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia furcata
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeSchizaphis agrostis
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
root collarvagrantAphididaeCryptaphis poae
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum circumflexum
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis palustris
root collarvagrantAphididaeJacksonia papillata
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion alopecuri
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion graminearum

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 8.v.2021