Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Stipa

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem scale Coccidae Scythia craniumequinum
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum graminicola
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta stipae-pennatae
leaf scale Coccidae Scythia festuceti
predator Pteromalidae Homoporus pulchripes
predator Pteromalidae Homoporus sashegyensis
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Bianchiella sarmatica
predator Eupelmidae Eupelmus urozonus
predator Eupelmidae Eupelmus falcatus
flower gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa stipae
predator Nabidae Nabis capsiformis
leaf vagrant Miridae Amblytylus concolor
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Sardius argus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Psammotettix provincialis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia thymi
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia stipae
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion ferdinandi
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion mucidum
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion uhagonii
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion suturale
root vagrant Cerambycidae Iberodorcadion molitor
leaf vagrant Erebidae Sagarriella romei
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Coenonympha pamphilus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Satyrus actaea
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hyponephele lupina
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Melanargia russiae
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia statilinus
leaf vagrant Tingidae Tingis pilosa
leaf vagrant Tingidae Agramma minutum
stem borer Buprestidae Cylindromorphus filum
leaf vagrant doubtful Cicadellidae Dorycephalus baeri
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Dudanus pallidus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Henschia acuta
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Enantiocephalus cornutus
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis aris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Doratura impudica
leaf vagrant doubtful Delphacidae Jassidaeus lugubris
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Praganus hofferi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Henschia quadricornis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Arocephalus languidus
leaf vagrant Tropiduchidae Trypetimorpha occidentalis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Limothrips angulicornis
unknown unknown Thripidae Prosopothrips vejdovskyi
stem borer Chloropidae Calamoncosis laminiformis
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus insignis
root scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus cingulatus
leaf scale Coccidae Eriopeltis festucae
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus greeni
root vagrant Pyralidae Polyochodes stipella
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria stipaespinulata
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria stipacea
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Paracletus cimiciformis
fruit gall Hypocreales Claviceps purpurea
flower gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa cylindrica
flower gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa scheppigi
flower gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa stipae
leaf miner>borer Ochsenheimeriidae Ochsenheimeria capella
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis
leaf film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella hypodytes
leaf film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella williamsii
leaf gall Tarsonemidae Steneotarsonemus canestrinii
leaf gall Tarsonemidae Steneotarsonemus graminis
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista galactitella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista hedemanni
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista heringi
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia wolgensis
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis corsica
stem borer Gelechiidae Ephysteris promptella
stem film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella minima
stem gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa aciculata
stem unknown Eurytomidae Tetramesa dispar
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella stipae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella stipae setosa
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella tshernavini
leaf vagrant Eriococcidae Greenisca brachypodii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 22.i.2023