Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Stipa pennata

synonym: Stipa joannis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem scale Coccidae Scythia craniumequinum
predator Eupelmidae Eupelmus falcatus
flower gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa cylindrica
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia thymi
leaf vagrant Erebidae Sagarriella romei
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Melanargia russiae
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Hipparchia statilinus
leaf vagrant Nymphalidae Satyrus actaea
stem borer Buprestidae Cylindromorphus filum
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Metropis aris
stem borer Chloropidae Calamoncosis laminiformis
leaf scale Eriococcidae Acanthococcus greeni
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria stipaespinulata
flower gall Eurytomidae Tetramesa scheppigi
leaf film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella hypodytes
leaf film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella williamsii
leaf gall Tarsonemidae Steneotarsonemus canestrinii
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista galactitella
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista hedemanni
leaf miner Elachistidae Elachista heringi
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia wolgensis
stem film Ustilaginales Tranzscheliella minima
stem unknown Eurytomidae Tetramesa dispar
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella stipae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

FILTER AND SORT TABLE

To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 22.i.2023