Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Elymus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantPenthaleidaePenthaleus major
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema aridula
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema hortensis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta vittula
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema gallaeciana
leafminerChrysomelidaeHispa atra
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema gallaeciana
stemborerNoctuidaeHydraecia micacea
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha hammi
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis scutellaris
unknownunknownChloropidaeChlorops marchali
unknownunknownChloropidaeChlorops speciosus
stemborerChloropidaeOscinimorpha albisetosa
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella frontella
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella sordidella
stemborerChloropidaeMicrocercis trigonella
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeSelandria serva
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis stigma
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis sordida
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredopsis nassata
stemborerCephidaeCalameuta filiformis
leafscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus zernae
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus greeni
stemborerCephidaeCephus pygmeus
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus formicicola
leafscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca placida
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
stemgallEriococcidaeRhizococcus devoniensis
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus pseudinsignis
unknownunknownEriococcidaeAnophococcus pannonicus
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus insignis
stemscalePseudococcidaeTrionymus aberrans
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus agropyri
stemscalePseudococcidaeMetadenopus festucae
stemscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus phenacccoides
leafscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus agropyri
leafscaleCoccidaeEriopeltis festucae
rootscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus hordei
stemscalePseudococcidaeHeterococcus nudus
unknownunknownPseudococcidaePhenacoccus interruptus
stemscalePseudococcidaeHeterococcus nudus
unknownunknownPseudococcidaePhenacoccus interruptus
leafhiddenGelechiidaeHelcystogramma lutatella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
stemgallAnguinidaeAnguina agropyri
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia pasiuana
flowergallAnguinidaeAnguina agrostis
flowergallAnguinidaeAnguina agrostis
leafvagrantSiterroptidaeSiteroptes cerealium
leafvagrantTarsonemidaeSteneotarsonemus culmicolus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus longilobus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAbacarus denticulifer
flowerborerGelechiidaePsamathocrita argentella
stemborerAnthomyiidaeDelia coarctata
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis graminum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia vagans
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia caries
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia controversa
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria cornuta
flowergallUstilaginalesUstilago bullata
leaf budgallLonchaeidaeDasiops latifrons
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria urella
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria vacculella
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafdownPeronosporalesSclerospora graminicola
leafleaf spotPhyllachoralesPhyllachora graminis
leaffilmUstilaginalesTranzscheliella hypodytes
leafgallAphididaeDiuraphis frequens
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafgallPeronosporalesSclerophthora macrospora
leafgallTarsonemidaeSteneotarsonemus canestrinii
leafminerdoubtfulAgromyzidaeCerodontha calosoma
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha denticornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha flavocingulata
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha lateralis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha muscina
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha spencerae
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha superciliosa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha zuskai
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza flaveola
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza phryne
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrociliata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza rondensis
leafminerAgromyzidaePseudonapomyza atra
leafminerChrysomelidaeHispa atra
leafminerolder larvaColeophoridaeColeophora lixella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista adscitella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albifrontella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista apicipunctella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista argentella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista fasciola
leafminerElachistidaeElachista griseella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista littoricola
leafminerElachistidaeElachista maculicerusella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista obliquella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pollinariella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pollutella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista pullicomella
leafpustuleCantharellalesCeratorhiza rhizodes
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia cerinthes-agropyrina
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia clematidis-secalis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia elymi
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia hordei-maritimi
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia persistens
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia procera
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia actaeae-agropyri
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia actaeae-elymi
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia agropyri
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia agropyrina
leafpustuleUrocystidalesUrocystis agropyri
leafpustuleUstilaginalesUstilago trebouxii
leafstripeBlastocladialesPhysoderma graminis
leafstripeMicrobotryalesUstilentyloma brefeldii
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis agropyri-campestris
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago serpens
leafstripeUstilaginalesUstilago striiformis
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella pusilla
stemborerEurytomidaeTetramesa cornuta
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHaplodiplosis marginata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHybolasioptera fasciata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera calamagrostidis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola baudysi
stemgallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola destructor
stemgallChloropidaeChlorops pumilionis
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella agropyri
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella festucae
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa brischkei
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa hordei
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa hyalipennis
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa linearis
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa maritima
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa riparia
stemminerdoubtfulBuprestidaeAphanisticus pygmaeus
stemunknownEurytomidaeTetramesa cereipes
stemvagrantAphididaeLaingia psammae
rootgallAnguinidaeSubanguina radicicola
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne naasi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia vagans
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeTetraneura nigriabdominalis
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeTetraneura ulmi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda formicaria
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda marginata
inquilineEriophyidaeAculodes dubius
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides hirtellus
leafvagrantAphididaeAtheroides serrulatus
leafvagrantAphididaeChaetosiphella berlesei
rootvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeForda pawlowae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha arenarii
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia furcata
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia corni
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis rufula
leafstripeAphididaeDiuraphis noxia

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 12.viii.2020