Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Secale

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella tenuicornis
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema hortensis
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema aridula
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema gallaeciana
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema melanopus
stemborerCephidaeTrachelus tabidus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus niger
stemborerChloropidaeConioscinella frontella
stemborerCephidaeCephus pygmeus
stemborerCephidaeTrachelus troglodyta
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
stemgallAnguinidaeAnguina agropyri
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia pasiuana
flowergallAnguinidaeAnguina agrostis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum nymphaeae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
stemborerAnthomyiidaeDelia coarctata
stemborerAnthomyiidaePhorbia fumigata
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallAnguinidaeAnguina tritici
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia caries
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia controversa
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia secalis
flowergallTilletialesTilletia laevis
flowergallUstilaginalesUstilago tritici
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria capella
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria taurella
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria urella
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria vacculella
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafgallPeronosporalesSclerophthora macrospora
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha denticornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha lateralis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha superciliosa
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia fuscula
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza albipennis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza ambigua
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza cinerascens
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza intermittens
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza luteitarsis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza megalopsis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza mobilis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrella
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrociliata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza rondensis
leafminerAgromyzidaePseudonapomyza atra
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora onopordiella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia clematidis-secalis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia hordei-maritimi
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia recondita
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia agropyrina
leafstripeBlastocladialesPhysoderma graminis
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis occulta
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella pusilla
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHaplodiplosis marginata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHybolasioptera fasciata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeMayetiola destructor
stemgallChloropidaeChlorops pumilionis
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
rootgallAnguinidaeSubanguina radicicola
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera avenae
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne naasi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda formicaria
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda marginata
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
leafvagrantAphididaeMetopolophium festucae
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae
leafvagrantAphididaeRhopalosiphum maidis
leafstripeAphididaeDiuraphis noxia

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 19.viii.2020