Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Triticum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema aridula
rootborerChrysomelidaeChaetocnema hortensis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePhyllotreta vittula
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema gallaeciana
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege sticticalis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema melanopus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus nigratus
stemborerCephidaeTrachelus tabidus
stemborerChloropidaeMicrocercis trigonella
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus haematodes
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus niger
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella nigerrima
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus aeneus
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella vastator
stemvagrantThripidaeLimothrips denticornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeSelandria serva
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus gonager
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus picipes
stemvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura clitellata
stemborerCephidaeCephus pygmeus
leafscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus zernae
leafscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus zernae
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
stemscalePseudococcidaeTrionymus aberrans
rootborerGelechiidaeMegacraspedus dolosellus
stemgallAnguinidaeAnguina agropyri
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia pasiuana
flowergallAnguinidaeAnguina agrostis
inquilineEriophyidaeAculodes dubius
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis palustris
fruitgallHypocrealesFusarium graminearum
stemborerAnthomyiidaeDelia coarctata
stemborerAnthomyiidaePhorbia fumigata
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeTetraneura ulmi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis graminum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
rootvagrantAphididaeGeoica setulosa
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallAnguinidaeAnguina tritici
fruitgallHypocrealesClaviceps purpurea
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia caries
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia controversa
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeSitodiplosis mosellana
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeContarinia tritici
flowergallTilletialesTilletia laevis
flowergallUstilaginalesUstilago tritici
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria taurella
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria urella
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria vacculella
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafleaf spotDothidealesDilophospora alopecuri
leafgallAphididaeDiuraphis frequens
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafgallPeronosporalesSclerophthora macrospora
leafgallTarsonemidaeSteneotarsonemus spirifex
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha denticornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha lateralis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha superciliosa
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia fuscula
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerdoubtfulAgromyzidaeAgromyza albipennis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza ambigua
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza intermittens
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza luteitarsis
leafminerdoubtfulAgromyzidaeAgromyza megalopsis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza mobilis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrella
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrociliata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza prespana
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza rondensis
leafminerAgromyzidaePseudonapomyza atra
leafminerAgromyzidaePseudonapomyza spinosa
leafminerAutostichidaeSyringopais temperatella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ciconiella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista albifrontella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista freyerella
leafminerElachistidaeElachista maculicerusella
leafminerEphydridaeHydrellia griseola
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia triticina
leafstripeBlastocladialesPhysoderma graminis
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis tritici
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMelanaphis pyraria
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella pusilla
stemborerEurytomidaeTetramesa maderae
stemborerGelechiidaeEphysteris promptella
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHaplodiplosis marginata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHybolasioptera fasciata
stemgallmainCecidomyiidaeMayetiola destructor
stemgallChloropidaeChlorops pumilionis
stemgallChloropidaeOscinella frit
stemgallEurytomidaeTetramesa vaginicolum
stemvagrantAphididaeLaingia psammae
rootgallAnguinidaeSubanguina radicicola
rootgallHeteroderidaePunctodera punctata
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera avenae
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne naasi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia vagans
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeTetraneura nigriabdominalis
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda formicaria
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda marginata
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeGeoica utricularia
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeParacletus cimiciformis
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia corni
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha glyceriae
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAploneura lentisci
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBaizongia pistaciae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantAphididaeMetopolophium festucae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMetopolophium dirhodum
leafstripeAphididaeDiuraphis noxia
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 21.vi.2020