Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Triticum aestivum

synonym: Triticum hibernum, hybernum, sativum, vulgare

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus karaberdi
unknown scale Coccidae Exaeretopus tritici
stem scale Pseudococcidae Trionymus aberrans
stem scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus interruptus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips tenuicornis
seeds vagrant Carabidae Harpalus rufipes
unknown unknown Thripidae Kakothrips acanthus
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips minutus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips fasciatus
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips minutissimus
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella tenuicornis
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
leaf vagrant Coccinellidae Cynegetis impunctata
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Sophronia grandii
stem hidden Pseudococcidae Trionymus thulensis
leaf leaf spot Phaeosphaeriaceae Parastagonospora avenae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Graminopassalora graminis
leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Oculimacula acuformis
leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Helgardiomyces anguioides
leaf leaf spot Ploettnerulaceae Rhynchosporium secalis
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema laevigata
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Aelia furcula
flower vagrant Miridae Megalocoleus molliculus
predator Miridae Deraeocoris rutilus
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus krueperi
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris nemoralis
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus norwegicus
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus putoni
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris rubicundus
flower vagrant Scutelleridae Eurygaster testudinaria
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris pilifer
leaf vagrant Coreidae Ceraleptus obtusus
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris pinihalepensis
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus picturatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema turanica
leaf vagrant Miridae Stenodema virens
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris mediterraneus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eurydema ornata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Eysarcoris ventralis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Peribalus strictus
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Piezodorus lituratus
leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Eurygaster integriceps
leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Odontotarsus freyi
flower vagrant Miridae Leptopterna dolabrata
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Aelia rostrata
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris melanocerus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris purpureipennis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Dolycoris baccarum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Nezara viridula
flower vagrant Scutelleridae Eurygaster austriaca
flower vagrant Scutelleridae Eurygaster maura
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Aelia acuminata
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Aelia cribrosa
flower vagrant Pentatomidae Aelia germari
flower vagrant Scutelleridae Eurygaster hottentotta
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Staria lunata
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus rugulipennis
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
root scale Rhizoecidae Rhizoecus halophilus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Apamea sordens
stem borer Noctuidae Mesapamea secalis
root vagrant Noctuidae Luperina testacea
stem borer Noctuidae Oria musculosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Leucania loreyi
leaf hidden Crambidae Agriphila tristella
leaf hidden Hesperiidae Thymelicus lineola
root scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus hordei
systemic vagrant Carabidae Zabrus tenebrioides
leaf vagrant Delphacidae Laodelphax striatellus
unknown unknown Thripidae Aptinothrips elegans
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Bryobia vasiljevi
fruit borer Curculionidae Pachytychius hordei
leaf vagrant Thripidae Limothrips angulicornis
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips aculeatus
unknown unknown Thripidae Sitothrips arabicus
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips angusticeps
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips tritici
unknown unknown Aeolothripidae Rhipidothrips flavus
leaf vagrant Penthaleidae Penthaleus major
leaf vagrant Aeolothripidae Rhipidothrips gratiosus
leaf hidden Thripidae Anaphothrips obscurus
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips kurdistanus
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
leaf vagrant doubtful Thripidae Dendrothrips saltatrix
leaf vagrant Phlaeothripidae Cephalothrips monilicornis
leaf vagrant Thripidae Aptinothrips rufus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Aptinothrips stylifer
flower hidden Thripidae Limothrips cerealium
leaf vagrant Thripidae Stenothrips graminum
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Oulema gallaeciana
leaf hidden Crambidae Loxostege sticticalis
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Oulema melanopus
stem borer Cephidae Trachelus tabidus
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus aeneus
stem borer Chloropidae Oscinella vastator
stem vagrant Thripidae Limothrips denticornis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Dolerus picipes
stem scale Eriococcidae Greenisca glyceriae
root borer Gelechiidae Megacraspedus dolosellus
stem gall Anguinidae Anguina agropyri
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
flower gall Anguinidae Anguina agrostis
inquiline Eriophyidae Aculodes dubius
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculodes mckenziei
fruit gall Hypocreales Fusarium graminearum
stem borer Anthomyiidae Delia coarctata
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Baizongia pistaciae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Geoica utricularia
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Forda formicaria
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Tetraneura ulmi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria tosichella
leaf vagrant Aphididae Schizaphis graminum
root vagrant Aphididae Geoica setulosa
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Anguinidae Anguina tritici
fruit gall Tilletiales Tilletia caries
fruit gall Tilletiales Tilletia controversa
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Contarinia tritici
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Sitodiplosis mosellana
flower gall Tilletiales Tilletia laevis
flower gall Ustilaginales Ustilago tritici
leaf miner>borer Ochsenheimeriidae Ochsenheimeria taurella
leaf miner>borer Ochsenheimeriidae Ochsenheimeria urella
leaf miner>borer Ochsenheimeriidae Ochsenheimeria vacculella
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphaceae Blumeria graminis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Abacarus hystrix
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria tenuis
leaf gall Tarsonemidae Steneotarsonemus spirifex
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza ambigua
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza intermittens
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza luteitarsis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza mobilis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza nigrociliata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza prespana
leaf miner Agromyzidae Agromyza rondensis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha denticornis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha incisa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha lateralis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha pygmaea
leaf miner Agromyzidae Cerodontha superciliosa
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia fuscula
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia nigra
leaf miner Agromyzidae Pseudonapomyza atra
leaf miner Agromyzidae Pseudonapomyza spinosa
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia coronata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia graminis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia triticina
leaf stripe uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia striiformis
leaf stripe Urocystidales Urocystis tritici
stem borer Eurytomidae Tetramesa maderae
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Haplodiplosis marginata
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Hybolasioptera fasciata
stem gall main Cecidomyiidae Mayetiola destructor
stem gall Chloropidae Chlorops pumilionis
stem vagrant Aphididae Laingia psammae
root gall Anguinidae Subanguina radicicola
root gall Heteroderidae Heterodera avenae
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne naasi
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anoecia vagans
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anoecia corni
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha elegans
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sipha maydis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum padi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Sitobion fragariae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Rhopalosiphum maidis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Metopolophium dirhodum
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
leaf stripe Aphididae Diuraphis noxia
leaf vagrant Aphididae Rhopalosiphum maidis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Sitobion avenae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 29.i.2024