Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Triticum aestivum

synonym: Triticum hibernum, hybernum, sativum, vulgare

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
fruitborerCurculionidaePachytychius hordei
leafvagrantThripidaeLimothrips angulicornis
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips aculeatus
unknownunknownThripidaeSitothrips arabicus
leafhiddenThripidaeThrips angusticeps
unknownunknownPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips tritici
unknownunknownAeolothripidaeRhipidothrips flavus
leafvagrantPenthaleidaePenthaleus major
leafvagrantAeolothripidaeRhipidothrips gratiosus
leafhiddenThripidaeAnaphothrips obscurus
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips kurdistanus
flowerhiddenThripidaeChirothrips manicatus
leafvagrantdoubtfulThripidaeDendrothrips saltatrix
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeCephalothrips monilicornis
leafvagrantThripidaeAptinothrips rufus
leafvagrantThripidaeAptinothrips stylifer
flowerhiddenThripidaeLimothrips cerealium
leafvagrantThripidaeStenothrips graminum
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema gallaeciana
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege sticticalis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOulema melanopus
stemborerCephidaeTrachelus tabidus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus aeneus
stemborerChloropidaeOscinella vastator
stemvagrantThripidaeLimothrips denticornis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeDolerus picipes
stemscaleEriococcidaeGreenisca glyceriae
rootborerGelechiidaeMegacraspedus dolosellus
stemgallAnguinidaeAnguina agropyri
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
flowergallAnguinidaeAnguina agrostis
inquilineEriophyidaeAculodes dubius
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculodes mckenziei
fruitgallHypocrealesFusarium graminearum
stemborerAnthomyiidaeDelia coarctata
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBaizongia pistaciae
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeGeoica utricularia
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeForda formicaria
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeTetraneura ulmi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tosichella
leafvagrantAphididaeSchizaphis graminum
rootvagrantAphididaeGeoica setulosa
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallAnguinidaeAnguina tritici
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia caries
fruitgallTilletialesTilletia controversa
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeContarinia tritici
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeSitodiplosis mosellana
flowergallTilletialesTilletia laevis
flowergallUstilaginalesUstilago tritici
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria taurella
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria urella
leafminer>borerOchsenheimeriidaeOchsenheimeria vacculella
leafdownErysiphales ErysiphaceaeBlumeria graminis
leafgallEriophyidaeAbacarus hystrix
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria tenuis
leafgallTarsonemidaeSteneotarsonemus spirifex
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza ambigua
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza intermittens
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza luteitarsis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza mobilis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza nigrociliata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza prespana
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza rondensis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha denticornis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha incisa
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha lateralis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha pygmaea
leafminerAgromyzidaeCerodontha superciliosa
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia fuscula
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nigra
leafminerAgromyzidaePseudonapomyza atra
leafminerAgromyzidaePseudonapomyza spinosa
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia coronata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia graminis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia triticina
leafstripeuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia striiformis
leafstripeUrocystidalesUrocystis tritici
stemborerEurytomidaeTetramesa maderae
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHaplodiplosis marginata
stemgallCecidomyiidaeHybolasioptera fasciata
stemgallmainCecidomyiidaeMayetiola destructor
stemgallChloropidaeChlorops pumilionis
stemvagrantAphididaeLaingia psammae
rootgallAnguinidaeSubanguina radicicola
rootgallHeteroderidaeHeterodera avenae
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne naasi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia vagans
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnoecia corni
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha elegans
leafvagrantAphididaeSipha maydis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSitobion fragariae
leafvagrantAphididaeRhopalosiphum maidis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMetopolophium dirhodum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum oxyacanthae
leafstripeAphididaeDiuraphis noxia
leafvagrantAphididaeRhopalosiphum maidis
leafvagrantAphididaeSitobion avenae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 20.ix.2020