Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Smilax

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus cephalotes
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira erinacea
unknown unknown Curculionidae Pseudomeira eremita
flower hidden Thripidae Isoneurothrips australis
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf leaf spot Cladosporiaceae Heterosporium ornithogali
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum gloeosporioides
leaf leaf spot Dermateaceae Marssonia smilacina
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria smilacis
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Neocercosporidium smilacis
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes rusci
leaf vagrant Erebidae Grammodes bifasciata
scale Diaspididae Aonidiella lauretorum
stem borer Curculionidae Chaetoptelius vestitus
leaf hidden Thripidae Rubiothrips vitalbae
stem scale Diaspididae Dynaspidiotus britannicus
leaf vagrant Tenuipalpidae Brevipalpus obovatus
stem scale Diaspididae Duplachionaspis berlesii
leaf miner Glyphipterigidae Acrolepiopsis vesperella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia smilacis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 18.xii.2023