organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Platyphytoptus juniperi
leaf scale Diaspididae Lineaspis striata
leaf scale Diaspididae Carulaspis minima
leaf scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes juniperi
leaf scale Diaspididae Aonidia mediterranea
leaf scale Diaspididae Carulaspis atlantica
leaf scale Diaspididae Carulaspis juniperi
leaf leaf spot Gelechiidae Gelechia senticetella
leaf vagrant Aphididae Cinara fresai
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara oxycedri
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Oligotrophus juniperinus
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Oligotrophus panteli
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Oligotrophus valerii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Cinara juniperi
stem pustule telia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium clavariiforme
stem pustule telia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium dobozrakovae
stem pustule telia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium tremelloides
stem pustule telia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium sabinae
stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus vovae
stem witches’ broom telia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium gracile
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara cupressi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 18.ix.2019