Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Juniperus phoenicea

synonym: Juniperus lycia, turbinata, turbinata subsp. canariensis

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Pseudomeira foveithorax
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus auctus
fruit vagrant Rhopalidae Brachycarenus tigrinus
stem vagrant Tettigometridae Tettigometra virescens
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips tenuicornis
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella intonsa
flower hidden Thripidae Odontothrips ignobilis
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips discolor
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips hispanicus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips physapus
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Ankothrips niezabitowskii
leaf vagrant Geometridae Peribatodes correptaria
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Vadonia insidiosa
stem borer Cerambycidae Icosium tomentosum
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Delagrangeus schurmanni
seeds borer Torymidae Megastigmus amicorum
root vagrant Curculionidae Pachyrhinus lethierryi
stem pustule Ceratostoma juniperinum
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris fieberi
leaf vagrant Miridae Acrorrhinium conspersum
Miridae Phytocoris linnavuorii
leaf vagrant Miridae Dichrooscytus cyprius
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus hodiernus
flower vagrant rarely Lygaeidae Orsillus reyi
leaf vagrant doubtful Tingidae Tingis griseola
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus junipericola
leaf vagrant Miridae Dichrooscytus dalmatinus
flower vagrant Lygaeidae Orsillus depressus
leaf vagrant Coreidae Gonocerus juniperi
flower vagrant Lygaeidae Orsillus maculatus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Acrosternum heegeri
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthotylus gemmae
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Holcogaster fibulata
fruit borer doubtful Rhynchitidae Rhodocyrtus cribripennis
stem scale Margarodidae Icerya purchasi
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lithophane lapidea
leaf vagrant Geometridae Thera cupressata
leaf vagrant doubtful Geometridae Ecleora solieraria
leaf vagrant Lasiocampidae Streblote panda
leaf vagrant Geometridae Ekboarmia atlanticaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia phoeniceata
stem borer Buprestidae Melanophila cuspidata
stem borer Buprestidae Lamprodila festiva
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Liguropia juniperi
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeosinus aubei
stem borer Curculionidae Phloeosinus henschi
leaf vagrant adult Rhynchitidae Auletes tubicen
flower borer Tortricidae Pammene blockiana
unknown unknown Kermesidae Eriokermes juniperi
leaf vagrant Gelechiidae Gelechia sabinellus
flower borer Nanophyidae Nanodiscus transversus
fruit gall Phytoptidae Trisetacus quadrisetus
flower borer Gelechiidae Mesophleps oxycedrella
stem hidden Tortricidae Lozotaeniodes cupressana
leaf scale Diaspididae Lineaspis striata
leaf scale Diaspididae Aspidiotus nerii
leaf scale Diaspididae Aonidia mediterranea
leaf scale Diaspididae Carulaspis atlantica
leaf scale Diaspididae Carulaspis minima
leaf leaf spot Gelechiidae Gelechia senticetella
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon spuleri
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara tujafilina
stem pustule telia Pucciniales Gymnosporangium sabinae
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara cupressi
stem scale Pseudococcidae Planococcus vovae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Cinara fresai


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 30.xii.2023