european silver-fir

synonym: Abies pectinata

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf hidden Tortricidae Acleris abietana
leaf bud gall Tortricidae Pseudococcyx turionella
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Trisetacus abietis
flower vagrant Phytoptidae Trisetacus abietivagrans
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Nalepella shevtchenkoi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Cupacarus octogibbus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Keiferella abietis
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Nalepella danica
leaf bud vagrant Phytoptidae Trisetacus monteabietus
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Tegonotus carpathicus
stem vagrant Cecidomyiidae Resseliella crassa
stem borer Yponomeutidae Argyresthia kulfani
leaf scale Diaspididae Dynaspidiotus abietis
stem scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes ulmi
leaf scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus piceae
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon vespiformis
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon spuleri
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon cephiformis
leaf miner Gelechiidae Chionodes electella
stem gall summer generation Aphididae Dreyfusia prelli
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Resseliella piceae
flower gall Phytoptidae Trisetacus floricolus
leaf bud gall rarely Tortricidae Rhyacionia buoliana
leaf gall Aphididae Mindarus abietinus
leaf gall summer generation Aphididae Dreyfusia nordmannianae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Paradiplosis abietispectinatae
leaf miner Adelidae Nemophora associatella
leaf miner Tortricidae Archips oporana
leaf miner Tortricidae Cymolomia hartigiana
leaf miner Tortricidae Dichelia histrionana
leaf miner Tortricidae Epinotia fraternana
leaf miner Tortricidae Epinotia pusillana
leaf miner Tortricidae Epinotia pygmaeana
leaf miner Tortricidae Epinotia subsequana
leaf miner rarely Tortricidae Pseudohermenias abietana
leaf miner Yponomeutidae Argyresthia fundella
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Hyalopsora aspidiotus
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora abietis-caprearum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsorella caryophyllacearum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsorella symphyti
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Milesina blechni
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Milesina dieteliana
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Milesina kriegeriana
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Milesina scolopendrii
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Milesina vogesiaca
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Pucciniastrum circaeae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Pucciniastrum epilobii
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Pucciniastrum goeppertianum
leaf pustule aecia doubtful Pucciniales Uredinopsis filicina
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Uredinopsis struthiopteridis
leaf vagrant summer generation Adelgidae Aphrastasia pectinatae
leaf vagrant Phytoptidae Nalepella triceras
stem borer Cecidomyiidae Cecidomyia pini
stem gall Aphididae Dreyfusia piceae
stem gall summer generation Aphididae Dreyfusia merkeri
stem vagrant rarely Aphididae Elatobium abietinum
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara confinis
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pectinatae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Prociphilus bumeliae
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Prociphilus fraxini
predator Cecidomyiidae Aphidoletes thompsoni

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 2.xi.2019