greek fir

synonym: Abies apollinis, reginae-amaliae

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem scale Coccidae Physokermes hemicryphus
leaf scale Coccidae Nemolecanium graniforme
stem scale Margarodidae Marchalina hellenica
flower borer Pyralidae Dioryctria resiniphila
leaf bud borer UNKNOWN QUALIFIER Tortricidae Zeiraphera ratzeburgiana
leaf bud borer Xyelidae Pleroneura coniferarum
leaf scale Diaspididae Dynaspidiotus abietis
stem borer Sesiidae Synanthedon cephiformis
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Resseliella piceae
leaf gall Aphididae Mindarus abietinus
leaf gall summer generation Aphididae Dreyfusia nordmannianae
leaf miner Tortricidae Epinotia fraternana
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora abietis-caprearum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsorella caryophyllacearum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Milesina blechni
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Milesina dieteliana
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Milesina kriegeriana
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Milesina scolopendrii
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Milesina vogesiaca
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Pucciniastrum epilobii
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Pucciniastrum goeppertianum
stem gall summer generation Aphididae Dreyfusia prelli
stem vagrant rarely Aphididae Elatobium abietinum
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara confinis
stem gall Aphididae Dreyfusia piceae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 26.ii.2020