spanish fir

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf scale Diaspididae Lepidosaphes newsteadi
leaf bud borer older larva Pyralidae Dioryctria aulloi
stem borer younger larva Pyralidae Dioryctria aulloi
leaf scale Diaspididae Chionaspis austriaca
leaf scale rarely Diaspididae Leucaspis pini
leaf miner Gelechiidae Chionodes electella
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara confinis
leaf gall Aphididae Mindarus abietinus
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsora abietis-caprearum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Melampsorella caryophyllacearum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Milesina dieteliana
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Milesina kriegeriana
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Pucciniastrum epilobii
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Pucciniastrum goeppertianum
stem vagrant Aphididae Cinara pectinatae
stem scale Coccidae Physokermes piceae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 26.ii.2020