Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Abies

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafminerTortricidaeEpinotia nanana
stemborerdoubtfulCurculionidaeHylastes angustatus
stemborerdoubtfulCurculionidaeHylastes ater
flowerborerTorymidaeMegastigmus milleri
flowerborerTorymidaeMegastigmus specularis
flowerborerTorymidaeMegastigmus suspectus
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia godeti
flowerborerTorymidaeMegastigmus pinus
flowerborerTorymidaeMegastigmus rafni
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia tenella
leafhiddenTortricidaeGravitarmata margarotana
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia helvetica
stemborerBuprestidaeChrysobothris chrysostigma
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia rutilipennis
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis rustica
stemborerBuprestidaeMelanophila acuminata
stemborerBuprestidaePhaenops knoteki
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaePristiphora nigella
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeodera bipunctata
stemborerBuprestidaeEurythyrea austriaca
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis flavoangulata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia ceballosi
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia confusa
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia parallela
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia nigritula
stemborerBuprestidaeDicerca herbsti
stemborerBuprestidaeBuprestis haemorrhoidalis
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia nigrojubata
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia quadripunctata
flowerborerTorymidaeMegastigmus schimitscheki
flowerborerTorymidaeMegastigmus pinsapinis
flowerborerTortricidaeBarbara herrichiana
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia morio
leafvagrantCicadellidaeColobotettix morbillosus
leafvagrantdoubtfulCixiidaeCixius beieri
leafvagrantadultCercopidaeHaematoloma dorsata
stemborerCurculionidaePityokteines marketae
stemborerrarelyCurculionidaeIps duplicatus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus morosovi
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus saltuarius
stemborerrarelyCurculionidaePityophthorus lichtensteinii
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus micrographus
stemborerCurculionidaeDryocoetes hectographus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgops glabratus
stemborerCurculionidaeIps typographus
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus suturalis
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus pusillus
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus abietis
stemborerCurculionidaeIps amitinus
stemborerCurculionidaeGnathotrichus materiarius
stemborerCurculionidaeIps acuminatus
stemborerCurculionidaeIps sexdentatus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeXylosandrus germanus
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron lineatum
stemborerCurculionidaeXylechinus pilosus
rootvagrantCurculionidaePachyrhinus mustela
stemborerrarelyCurculionidaeOrthotomicus erosus
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus piceae
stemborerCurculionidaePityokteines curvidens
stemborerCurculionidaePityokteines vorontzowi
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus cephaloniae
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus pinsapo
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus numidicus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus mediterraneus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus numidicus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus parallelocollis
stemborerCurculionidaePityokteines spinidens
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus pityographus
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgops palliatus
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus cinereus
stemborerCurculionidaeDryocoetes autographus
leafscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus abieticola
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes harcyniae
stemscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus britannicus
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeLiothrips setinodis
leafvagrantdoubtfulThripidaeDendrothrips saltatrix
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis violacea
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis duplicata
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis punctulata
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes piceae
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes piniphilus
stemborerSiricidaeUrocerus argonautarum
stemborerSiricidaeUrocerus augur
stemborerSiricidaeUrocerus fantoma
stemborerCecidomyiidaeResseliella resinophaga
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis nitida
stemborerSiricidaeSirex noctilio
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia hartigii
stemborerSiricidaeXeris spectrum
stemborerSiricidaeSirex juvencus
stemborerSiricidaeUrocerus gigas
stemborerSiricidaeSirex cyaneus
stemscaleCoccidaePhysokermes hemicryphus
leafscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes newsteadi
stemscaleMargarodidaeMarchalina hellenica
stemvagrantMargarodidaePalaeococcus fuscipennis
leafscaleCoccidaeNemolecanium graniforme
leaf budborerolder larvaPyralidaeDioryctria aulloi
stemboreryounger larvaPyralidaeDioryctria aulloi
flowerborerPyralidaeDioryctria abietella
flowerborerPyralidaeDioryctria resiniphila
leaf budborerTortricidaeEpinotia nigricana
leafhiddenGelechiidaeCarpatolechia decorella
stemborerTortricidaeCydia indivisa
stemborerTortricidaeCydia coniferana
leaf budborerUNKNOWN QUALIFIERTortricidaeZeiraphera ratzeburgiana
leaf budborerrarelyTortricidaeZeiraphera griseana
flowervagrantCoreidaeLeptoglossus occidentalis
leaf budboreryounger larvadoubtfulTortricidaeRhyacionia pinivorana
stemborerolder larvadoubtfulTortricidaeRhyacionia pinivorana
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
leaf budborerXyelidaePleroneura dahlii
leaf budborerXyelidaePleroneura coniferarum
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaeArchips rosana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeArchips oporana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeArchips oporana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cinnamomeana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura murinana
flowerborerTortricidaeCydia illutana
flowerborerTortricidaeCydia strobilella
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
leafhiddenTortricidaePtycholoma lecheana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris abietana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
leaf budgallTortricidaePseudococcyx turionella
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeTrisetacus abietis
flowervagrantPhytoptidaeTrisetacus abietivagrans
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeNalepella ednae
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeNalepella shevtchenkoi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCupacarus octogibbus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeKeiferella abietis
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeNalepella danica
leaf budvagrantPhytoptidaeTrisetacus monteabietus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeTegonotus carpathicus
stemvagrantCecidomyiidaeResseliella crassa
stemscaleCoccidaePhysokermes inopinatus
stemborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia kulfani
leafscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus abietis
leafscaleCoccidaeCoccus hesperidum
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
leafscaleDiaspididaeChionaspis austriaca
leafscalerarelyDiaspididaeLeucaspis pini
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon vespiformis
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon spuleri
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon cephiformis
leafminerGelechiidaeChionodes electella
stemborerTortricidaeCydia duplicana
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeResseliella piceae
flowergallPhytoptidaeTrisetacus floricolus
leaf budgallrarelyTortricidaeRhyacionia buoliana
leafgallsummer generationAphididaeDreyfusia nordmannianae
leafgallAphididaeMindarus abietinus
leafgallCecidomyiidaeParadiplosis abietispectinatae
leafminerAdelidaeNemophora associatella
leafminerBatrachedridaeBatrachedra pinicolella
leafminerTortricidaeCymolomia hartigiana
leafminerTortricidaeDichelia histrionana
leafminerTortricidaeEpinotia fraternana
leafminerTortricidaeEpinotia pusillana
leafminerTortricidaeEpinotia pygmaeana
leafminerTortricidaeEpinotia subsequana
leafminerrarelyTortricidaePseudohermenias abietana
leafminerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia fundella
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPucciniastrum circaeae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPucciniastrum epilobii
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPucciniastrum goeppertianum
leafpustuleaeciadoubtfulPuccinialesUredinopsis filicina
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUredinopsis pteridis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUredinopsis struthiopteridis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesHyalopsora aspidiotus
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora abietis-caprearum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsorella caryophyllacearum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsorella symphyti
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMilesina blechni
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMilesina dieteliana
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMilesina kriegeriana
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMilesina scolopendrii
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMilesina vogesiaca
leafvagrantsummer generationAdelgidaeAphrastasia pectinatae
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeNalepella triceras
stemborerCecidomyiidaeCecidomyia pini
stemgallsummer generationAphididaeDreyfusia merkeri
stemgallsummer generationAphididaeDreyfusia prelli
stemgallAphididaeDreyfusia piceae
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara confinis
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara curvipes
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pectinatae
stemvagrantrarelyAphididaeElatobium abietinum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeProciphilus bumeliae
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeProciphilus fraxini
rootvagrantsummer generationdoubtfulAphididaeProciphilus xylostei
predatorCecidomyiidaeAphidoletes thompsoni
stemscalerarelyCoccidaePhysokermes hemicryphus
stemscaleCoccidaePhysokermes piceae
leafscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus piceae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 10.iv.2021