Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Larix decidua

european larch

synonym: Larix europaea; Pinus larix

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerCurculionidaeCrypturgus pusillus
stemborerCurculionidaePityophthorus pityographus
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus abietis
stemborerCurculionidaePityogenes chalcographus
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus suturalis
stemborerCurculionidaeCarphoborus minimus
stemborerCurculionidaeCryphalus intermedius
stemborerCurculionidaeIps amitinus
stemborerCurculionidaeIps cembrae
stemborerCurculionidaeHylurgops palliatus
stemborerCurculionidaeDryocoetes autographus
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeOrthotomicus laricis
stemborerCurculionidaeTrypodendron lineatum
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis duplicata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAnoplonyx destructor
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura imperfecta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAnoplonyx apicalis
stemborerSiricidaeSirex juvencus
stemborerSiricidaeUrocerus gigas
stemborerSiricidaeSirex cyaneus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAnoplonyx ovatus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAnoplonyx australis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAnoplonyx pectoralis
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia lariciphila
leafhiddenGelechiidaeTeleiodes saltuum
stemborerTortricidaeCydia grunertiana
flowerborerTortricidaeRetinia perangustana
leaf budborermainTortricidaeZeiraphera griseana
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
leafhiddenPamphilidaeAcantholyda laricis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora bufo
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora wesmaeli
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora friesei
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora laricis
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeArchips oporana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeArchips oporana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora erichsonii
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora glauca
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cinnamomeana
stemborerTortricidaeCydia zebeana
flowerborerTortricidaeCydia illutana
leafhiddenTortricidaeExapate duratella
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
leafvagrantTortricidaePtycholomoides aeriferana
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeBoczekella laricis
stemborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia laevigatella
stemborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia illuminatella
fruitborerAnthomyiidaeStrobilomyia infrequens
fruitborerAnthomyiidaeStrobilomyia melania
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura kellneri
flowergallCecidomyiidaeResseliella skuhravyorum
flowergallPhytoptidaeTrisetacus laricis
leafgallsummer generationAdelgidaeAdelges laricis
leafgallsummer generationAdelgidaeSacchiphantes viridis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora laricella
leafminerGelechiidaeExoteleia dodecella
leafminerTortricidaeSpilonota laricana
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesCaeoma laricis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora caprearum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora epitea
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora laricis-epitea
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora laricis-pentandrae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora laricis-populina
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora laricis-tremulae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsora populnea
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsoridium betulinum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesMelampsoridium hiratsukanum
leafvagrantAphididaeCholodkovskya viridana
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeNalepella triceras
stemborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia illuminatella
stemgallHelotialesLachnellula willkommii
stemgallTortricidaeCydia millenniana
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara laricis
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara cuneomaculata
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara kochiana
stemvagrantrarelyAphididaeElatobium abietinum

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 17.xi.2020