Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Picea

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantTetranychidaeOligonychus ununguis
rootvagrantCurculionidaeStrophosoma capitatum
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis phlegmatica
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis nitida
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis violacea
stemborerCurculionidaeMagdalis punctulata
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes hercyniae
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes gyllenhali
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes scabricollis
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes pini
stemborerCurculionidaePissodes piniphilus
stemborerSiricidaeSirex noctilio
stemborerSiricidaeUrocerus argonautarum
stemborerSiricidaeUrocerus augur
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia intermedia
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura scutellata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura pallescens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura insignis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura styx
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia masuttii
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia annulicornis
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia fennica
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura montana
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia abieticola
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia polytoma
stemborerSiricidaeXeris spectrum
stemborerSiricidaeSirex juvencus
stemborerSiricidaeUrocerus gigas
stemborerSiricidaeSirex cyaneus
leafvagrantDiprionidaeGilpinia hercyniae
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia abietis
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia arvensis
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia alpina
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia erythrogaster
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia fulva
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia alashanica
leafhiddenPamphilidaeCephalcia pallidula
flowerunknownCecidomyiidaeResseliella conicola
leaf budgallPleosporalesGemmamyces piceae
leafscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes newsteadi
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
stemvagrantMargarodidaePalaeococcus fuscipennis
stemscaleMargarodidaeMarchalina hellenica
leaf budborerolder larvaPyralidaeDioryctria simplicella
stemboreryounger larvaPyralidaeDioryctria simplicella
flowerborerPyralidaeDioryctria abietella
stemborerPyralidaeDioryctria sylvestrella
unknownunknownTortricidaeEpinotia granitana
stemborerTortricidaeCydia indivisa
stemborerTortricidaeCydia coniferana
flowerborerGelechiidaeDichomeris latipennella
leaf budborerTortricidaeZeiraphera ratzeburgiana
leaf budborerTortricidaeZeiraphera griseana
flowervagrantCoreidaeLeptoglossus occidentalis
flowervagrantTortricidaeEupoecilia angustana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeGravitarmata margarotana
stemborerrarelyTortricidaeRhyacionia logaea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora paralella
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis spectrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis senecionana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora subarctica
leafhiddenTortricidaeSyndemis musculana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora leucopodia
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora nigriceps
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora amphibola
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora nigella
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora parva
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora pallida
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips podana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeArchips oporana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeArchips oporana
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora abietina
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora compressa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora decipiens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora gerula
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora pseudodecipiens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora robusta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePristiphora saxesenii
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis cinnamomeana
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledonides lunana
leafhiddenrarelyTortricidaePhiledone gerningana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
leafhiddenTortricidaePtycholoma lecheana
stemgallHypocrealesNeonectria fuckeliana
flowerborerTortricidaeCydia strobilella
stemhiddenTortricidaeCydia cosmophorana
flowerborerTortricidaeCydia illutana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcleris abietana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCacoecimorpha pronubana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leaf budgallPhytoptidaeTrisetacus piceae
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeNalepella breweriana
leaf budvagrantPhytoptidaeTrisetacus relocatus
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes piceae
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeNalepella shevtchenkoi
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus lutocinus
inquilineTortricidaePammene ochsenheimeriana
leaf budborerlarvaCurculionidaeAnthonomus pinivorax
stemborerdoubtfulSesiidaeSynanthedon cephiformis
stemborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia amiantella
stemscaleCoccidaePhysokermes inopinatus
stemvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeCinara pinea
stemborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia svenssoni
leaf budborerYponomeutidaeArgyresthia bergiella
leafscaleDiaspididaeDynaspidiotus abietis
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
stemborerTortricidaeCydia duplicana
stemvagrantCoccidaePhysokermes hemicryphus
fruitborerAnthomyiidaeStrobilomyia anthracina
fruitgallCecidomyiidaePlemeliella abietina
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeCamptomyia strobi
flowergallCecidomyiidaeResseliella ingrica
flowergallCecidomyiidaeKaltenbachiola strobi
flowerpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPucciniastrum areolatum
flowerpustuleaeciaPuccinialesChrysomyxa monesis
flowerpustuleaeciaPuccinialesChrysomyxa pyrolae
leaf budgallspring generationAdelgidaeSacchiphantes viridis
leaf budgallAdelgidaeSacchiphantes abietis
leaf budgallspring generationAdelgidaeAphrastasia pectinatae
leaf budgallspring generationAdelgidaeAdelges laricis
leaf budgallspring generationAdelgidaeAdelges tardoides
leaf budgallspring generationAdelgidaePineus cembrae
leaf budgallspring generationAdelgidaePineus orientalis
leaf budgallAdelgidaeAdelges lapponicus
leaf budgallAdelgidaeAdelges tardus
leaf budgallspring generationAphididaeDreyfusia merkeri
leaf budgallspring generationAphididaeDreyfusia nordmannianae
leaf budgallspring generationAphididaeDreyfusia prelli
leaf budgallspring generationAphididaeGilletteella cooleyi
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaePiceacecis abietiperda
leafgallaeciaPuccinialesChrysomyxa woroninii
leafminermainBatrachedridaeBatrachedra pinicolella
leafminerdoubtfulBlastobasidaeBlastobasis vittata
leafminerGelechiidaeChionodes electella
leafminerGelechiidaeColeotechnites piceaella
leafminerdoubtfulTortricidaeSpilonota laricana
leafminerTortricidaeCymolomia hartigiana
leafminermainTortricidaeDichelia histrionana
leafminerTortricidaeEpinotia nanana
leafminerTortricidaeEpinotia pygmaeana
leafminerTortricidaeEpinotia subsequana
leafminerTortricidaeEpinotia tedella
leafminerTortricidaePseudohermenias abietana
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPucciniastrum sparsum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesChrysomyxa empetri
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesChrysomyxa ledi
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesChrysomyxa rhododendri
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesChrysomyxa abietis
leafvagrantAphididaeMindarus obliquus
leafvagrantEriophyidaeKeiferella piceae
leafvagrantPhytoptidaeNalepella haarlovi
stemborerCecidomyiidaeCecidomyia magna
stemborerCecidomyiidaeCecidomyia pini
stemgallSantalaceaeViscum album
stemminerTortricidaeCydia pactolana
stemvagrantAdelgidaePineus pineoides
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara costata
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pruinosa
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara piceicola
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara piceae
stemvagrantAphididaeCinara pilicornis
stemvagrantAphididaeElatobium abietinum
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaePachypappa populi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaePachypappa tremulae
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaePachypappa vesicalis
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaePachypappella lactea
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeProciphilus xylostei
predatorCecidomyiidaeAphidoletes abietis
predatorCecidomyiidaeLestodiplosis coni
predatorCecidomyiidaeLestodiplosis holstei
stemvagrantCoccidaePhysokermes hemicryphus
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum circumflexum
leafscaleAphididaeAulacorthum solani
stemscaleCoccidaePhysokermes piceae
leafscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus piceae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 26.vi.2020